Distributive Justice: What the People Think

  title={Distributive Justice: What the People Think},
  author={David Miller},
  pages={555 - 593}
This article attempts to bring together in a creative way two bodies of literature that often seem to run on parallel tracks with only the barest mutual acknowledgment. One is the steadily expanding range of works in political theory on social or distributive justice.' The other is the body of empirical work on people's beliefs aboutjustice and the expression of these beliefs in practice. One might expect there to be a fruitful symbiosis between these two bodies of research, with political… 

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The aim of this collection is to bring theoretical perspectives to bear upon a range of issues within the politics of Northern Ireland and the Republic. This may seem to some to be a distinctly

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Recent Theories of Social Justice

  • David Miller
  • Sociology
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 1991
The last decade has produced a torrent of books on the general topic of social or distributive justice. When the pathbreaking works by Rawls and Nozick appeared in the early 1970s, immediate critical

Laboratory Results on Rawls's Distributive Justice

The behavioural underpinnings of Rawls's notion of distributive justice as outlined in A Theory of Justice are tested in experimental contexts. Under conditions approximating Rawls's ‘original

Choices of Principles of Distributive Justice in Experimental Groups

Experimental methods involving imperfect information are used to generate group choices of principles of distributive justice. Conditions approximating John Rawls's "original position" in A Theory of

Norms Concerning Distributive Justice: Are Needs Taken Into Consideration in Allocation Decisions?

The assumption is examined that, in addition to the "contribution" and "equality" principles, a further principle of distributive justice exists: "need consideration." In a questionnaire experiment

Choice of a Distribution Principle: Crosscultural Evidence on the Effects of Resources

Researchers concerned with resource allocation and distributive justice have paid little attention to the nature of the allocated resource, per se, as a determinant of the criterion according to

Market Justice, Political Justice

  • R. Lane
  • Economics
    American Political Science Review
  • 1986
The defense of capitalism in America is rooted in a preference for the market's justice of earned deserts over the justices of equality and need associated with the polity. These preferences have

Social Consensus on Norms of Justice: Should the Punishment Fit the Crime?

Social consensus on norms of justice has long been of concern to sociologist. The present paper presents a model of justice norms as congnitions and tests the degree of cognitive consensus on the

Choosing Justice in Experimental Democracies with Production

We examine in a laboratory setting how direct participation in choosing a principle of distributive justice and a tax system impinges on subjects' attitudes and subsequent productivity when they

Individual Differences in Justice Behavior

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In an exploratory study of matched samples in England and the United States, we construct a path model that explains 26% and 39%, respectively, of the variance in social judgments about the fairness