Distributive Justice: What the People Think

@article{Miller1992DistributiveJW,
  title={Distributive Justice: What the People Think},
  author={David Miller},
  journal={Ethics},
  year={1992},
  volume={102},
  pages={555 - 593}
}
This article attempts to bring together in a creative way two bodies of literature that often seem to run on parallel tracks with only the barest mutual acknowledgment. One is the steadily expanding range of works in political theory on social or distributive justice.' The other is the body of empirical work on people's beliefs aboutjustice and the expression of these beliefs in practice. One might expect there to be a fruitful symbiosis between these two bodies of research, with political… 

Introduction: Theorising Politics

The aim of this collection is to bring theoretical perspectives to bear upon a range of issues within the politics of Northern Ireland and the Republic. This may seem to some to be a distinctly

Contributive Justice and Meaningful Work

The dominant focus of thinking about economic justice is overwhelmingly distributive, that is, concerned with what people get in terms of resources and opportunities. It views work mainly negatively,

Desert as a principle of distributive justice

Can desert be the foundation of justice? Recent attempts to redefine distributive justice in the light of the notions of desert and merit depend largely upon how much independent moral force can be

Lessons from Philosophy? Interdisciplinary Justice Research and Two Classes of Justice Judgments

More and more scholars of social justice have been calling for a closer collaboration between empirical and normative disciplines. Psychological and sociological research, as well as philosophical

Distributive and Procedural Justice in Seven Nations

The paper examines the impact of distributive justice and procedural justice variables on judgments in seven countries and finds that Central and Eastern European respondents make greater use of need information and less use of deservingness information than Western respondents.

Public Opinion and Political Philosophy: The Relation between Social-Scientific and Philosophical Analyses of Distributive Justice

This paper considers the relation between philosophical discussions of, and social-scientific research into popular beliefs about, distributive justice. The first part sets out the differences and

Justice and Public Opinion from a Comparative Perspective

Toril Aalberg’s book links a wide array of issues and perspectives that conventionally are kept apart. She combines normative theory with empirical justice research, takes a longitudinal as well as a

The coherence of Rawls's plea for democratic equality

In 1971, John Rawls published A Theory of Justice, the burden of which was strongly egalitarian. But Rawls eventually came to the conclusion that the project of working out a stable, well‐ordered

On the Scope of Egalitarian Justice

It is not clear whether the social contract is supposed to merely supplement the unequal gains that individuals are able to make through the exercise of their natural endowments with a set of equal

An inquiry into divergent principles of distributive justice

This thesis reports the results of a study that had the following purpose; is there divergence in attitudes towards legally and criminally distributed resources among men versus women and adolescents
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES

Recent Theories of Social Justice

  • David Miller
  • Sociology
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 1991
The last decade has produced a torrent of books on the general topic of social or distributive justice. When the pathbreaking works by Rawls and Nozick appeared in the early 1970s, immediate critical

Laboratory Results on Rawls's Distributive Justice

The behavioural underpinnings of Rawls's notion of distributive justice as outlined in A Theory of Justice are tested in experimental contexts. Under conditions approximating Rawls's ‘original

Choices of Principles of Distributive Justice in Experimental Groups

Experimental methods involving imperfect information are used to generate group choices of principles of distributive justice. Conditions approximating John Rawls's "original position" in A Theory of

Norms Concerning Distributive Justice: Are Needs Taken Into Consideration in Allocation Decisions?

The assumption is examined that, in addition to the "contribution" and "equality" principles, a further principle of distributive justice exists: "need consideration." In a questionnaire experiment

Choice of a Distribution Principle: Crosscultural Evidence on the Effects of Resources

Researchers concerned with resource allocation and distributive justice have paid little attention to the nature of the allocated resource, per se, as a determinant of the criterion according to

Market Justice, Political Justice

  • R. Lane
  • Economics
    American Political Science Review
  • 1986
The defense of capitalism in America is rooted in a preference for the market's justice of earned deserts over the justices of equality and need associated with the polity. These preferences have

Social Consensus on Norms of Justice: Should the Punishment Fit the Crime?

Social consensus on norms of justice has long been of concern to sociologist. The present paper presents a model of justice norms as congnitions and tests the degree of cognitive consensus on the

Choosing Justice in Experimental Democracies with Production

We examine in a laboratory setting how direct participation in choosing a principle of distributive justice and a tax system impinges on subjects' attitudes and subsequent productivity when they

Individual Differences in Justice Behavior

Equality, Success, and Social Justice in England and the United States

In an exploratory study of matched samples in England and the United States, we construct a path model that explains 26% and 39%, respectively, of the variance in social judgments about the fairness
...