Distribution patterns of BK polyomavirus (BKV) subtypes and subgroups in American, European and Asian populations suggest co-migration of BKV and the human race.

@article{Zhong2009DistributionPO,
  title={Distribution patterns of BK polyomavirus (BKV) subtypes and subgroups in American, European and Asian populations suggest co-migration of BKV and the human race.},
  author={Shan Zhong and Parmjeet S. Randhawa and Hiroshi Ikegaya and Qin Chen and Huai-Ying Zheng and Motofumi Suzuki and Takumi Takeuchi and Ayako Shibuya and Tadaichi Kitamura and Yoshiaki Yogo},
  journal={The Journal of general virology},
  year={2009},
  volume={90 Pt 1},
  pages={
          144-52
        }
}
BK polyomavirus (BKV) is ubiquitous in the human population, infecting children asymptomatically and then persisting in the kidney. Based on serological and genotyping methods, BKV isolates worldwide are classified into four subtypes (I-IV), with subtype I prevalent throughout the world, subtype IV prevalent in Asia and part of Europe, and subtypes II and III rare throughout the world. Phylogenetic analyses of complete genome sequences have identified several geographically distinct subgroups… 

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