Distribution of the bacterial symbiont Cardinium in arthropods

@article{ZchoriFein2004DistributionOT,
  title={Distribution of the bacterial symbiont Cardinium in arthropods},
  author={Einat Zchori‐Fein and Steve J. Perlman},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={13}
}
Abstract 'Candidatus Cardinium', a recently described bacterium from the Bacteroidetes group, is involved in diverse reproduction alterations of its arthropod hosts, including cytoplasmic incompatibility, parthenogenesis and feminization. [] Key Method To estimate the incidence rate of Cardinium and explore the limits of its host range, 99 insect and mite species were screened, using primers designed to amplify a portion of Cardinium 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA).

A review of prevalence and phylogeny of the bacterial symbiont Cardinium in mites (subclass: Acari)

The phylogeny of the examined mites was well resolved based on the 18S rRNA gene, whereas Cardinium phylogeny was not completely concordant with its associated host phylogeny, raising the possibility that horizontal transmission ofcardinium has occurred among species.

Infections with the Microbe Cardinium in the Dolichopodidae and Other Empidoidea

In an extensive survey of dipteran species from 67 genera belonging to the Dolichopodidae, Empididae, and Hybotidae, the presence of Cardinium could only be confirmed in 10 species, and numerous additional sequences were found to be assignable to known or unknown Bacteroidetes.

Prevalence of Cardinium Bacteria in Planthoppers and Spider Mites and Taxonomic Revision of “Candidatus Cardinium hertigii” Based on Detection of a New Cardinium Group from Biting Midges

A new group of bacteria, phylogenetically closely related to but distinct from previously described Cardinium bacteria (based on 16S rRNA and gyrB genes) was found in 4 out of 25 species of Culicoides biting midges, which possessed a microfilament-like structure that is a morphological feature previously found in CardInium and Paenicardinium.

Exploring the effect of the Cardinium endosymbiont on spiders

It is suggested that Cardinium can either behave as a neutral cytoplasmic element within H. pluchei or exhibit a context‐dependent effect, depending on the environmental conditions, as well as the mechanistic and evolutionary explanations for these results.

Distribution of the endosymbiotic bacterium Cardinium in Chinese populations of the carmine spider mite Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Acari: Tetranychidae)

Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rDNA gene sequence of Cardinium shows a close relationship between Cardinum in Chinese carmine spider mite and symbionts found in other species in the Tetranychidae.

Incidence of the endosymbionts Wolbachia, Cardinium and Spiroplasma in phytoseiid mites and associated prey

High similarities to complete identity are found with bacteria found in the same and different mite species but also withacteria found in insect species like ladybirds, butterflies and minute pirate bugs, Orius.

Cardinium inhibits Wolbachia in its mite host, Tyrophagus putrescentiae, and affects host fitness.

It is suggested that the presence of Cardinium inhibits the growth of Wolbachia in mixed mite populations, as well as the possible effect of symbionts on the fitness of mixed population.

Newly-introduced Cardinium endosymbiont reduces microbial diversity in the rice brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens.

The results offer insights into the effects of alien (i.e. newly-introduced from other organism) Cardinium infection on N. lugens-associated microbiotas, aiding in the development of transinfected endosymbionts for pest control.
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