Distribution of Wolbachia among the guild associated with the parthenogenetic gall wasp Diplolepis rosae

  title={Distribution of Wolbachia among the guild associated with the parthenogenetic gall wasp Diplolepis rosae},
  author={Menno Schilthuizen and Richard Stouthamer},
Symbionts of the genus Wolbachia, which cause reproductive alterations in insects, are suspected to pass regularly from one host lineage to another. One possible route for such ‘horizontal transmission’ is via parasitization. Here, we study this hypothesis in a complex guild of specialized parasitoids and inquilines, associated with the parthenogenetic, Wolbachia-infected gall wasp Diplolepis rosae. Diplolepis rosae galls (‘bedeguar galls’) were collected at three localities in The Netherlands… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Classification of endosymbiont Wolbachia (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) in opiine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
Ten sequences which consist of concatenate data from three genetic markers of Wolbachia (groEL, gltA, and wsp) were obtained from opiine wasps from five localities in Peninsular Malaysia to provide an insight on Wolbachian infections in oriental insects.
Molecular evidence for multiple infections of a new subgroup of Wolbachia in the European raspberry beetle Byturus tomentosus
Phylogenetic analysis using the ftsZ DNA sequences places Wolbachia from B. tomentosus into a new clade (Abt) within the A division, with some revisions to the existing Wolbachian phylogeny.
Phylogenetic evidence for horizontal transmission of Wolbachia in host-parasitoid associations.
It is demonstrated that hymenopteran parasitoids of frugivorous Drosophila species are especially susceptible to Wolbachia infection, which strongly supports the hypothesis of frequent natural Wolbachian transfers into other species and opens a new field for genetic exchanges among species, especially in host-parasitoid associations.
High Levels of Multiple Infections, Recombination and Horizontal Transmission of Wolbachia in the Andricus mukaigawae (Hymenoptera; Cynipidae) Communities
It is suggested that genomic recombination and potential plant-mediated horizontal transmission may be attributable to the high levels of multiple Wolbachia infections observed in A. mukaigawae and S. japonicus, and supports earlier studies that horizontal transmission of Wolbachio, a symbiont of the Rickettsiales order, may be plant- mediated or take place between hosts and parasitoids.
Phylogeny and host-symbiont interactions of thelytoky inducing Wolbachia in Hymenoptera
A T- Wolbachia transfer experiment between hymenopteran species to test whether arrhenotokous wasps could be rendered thelytokous and the exact mechanism of horizontal transfer remains to be clarified.
Wolbachia prevalence patterns: horizontal transmission, recombination, and multiple infections in chestnut gall wasp‐parasitoid communities
The results suggested that horizontal transmission of Wolbachia occurs between chestnut gall wasps and their parasitoids, and may be due to gene recombination and horizontal transmission.
Diversity and distribution of Wolbachia in relation to geography, host plant affiliation and life cycle of a heterogonic gall wasp
The diversity of Wolbachia across geographically and genetically distinct populations of B. treatae and the co-occurrence of the same strains within three populations highlights the complex infection dynamics in this system.
Wolbachia infection in crustaceans: novel hosts and potential routes for horizontal transmission
The phylogenetic proximity of Wolbachia from parasitoid flies or phoretic mites to those from isopods suggests that horizontal symbiont transmission may have occurred between those taxa.
The distribution of Wolbachia in fig wasps: correlations with host phylogeny, ecology and population structure
The presence and, in some cases, high frequency of Wolbachia infections within highly inbred species indicate that the WolbachIA either directly increase host fitness or are frequently horizontally transferred within these wasp species, however, the paucity of cospeciation of Wolachia and their wasp hosts indicates that Wolbachian do not persist within a given host lineage for long time–periods relative to speciation times.


Horizontal transmission of parthenogenesis–inducing microbes in Trichogramma wasps
This study suggests that parthenogenesis is not only curable, it can sometimes be contagious also, and concludes that there is, in fact, little evidence for cocladogenesis.
Evolution and phylogeny of Wolbachia: reproductive parasites of arthropods
A fine-scale phylogenetic analysis was done using DNA sequences from ftsZ, a rapidly evolving bacterial cell-cycle gene, finding that some insects harbour infections with more than one Wolbachia strain, even within individual insects.
16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis of the bacterial endosymbionts associated with cytoplasmic incompatibility in insects.
Initial screening of insects indicates that cytoplasmic incompatibility may be a more general phenomenon in insects than is currently recognized and Lack of congruence between the phylogeny of the symbionts and their insect hosts suggest that horizontal transfer of symbiont between insect species may occur.
Cytogenetics of microbe-associated parthenogenesis and its consequences for gene flow in Trichogramma wasps
The chromosome behaviour in newly laid eggs indicated that the mechanism allowing restoration of diploidy in unfertilized thelytokous eggs was a segregation failure of the two sets of chromosomes in the first mitotic anaphase, which results in a nucleus containing two set of identical chromosomes.
Asexuality cured: the relations and differences between sexual and asexual Apoanagyrus diversicornis
A sexual A. diversicornis strain was introduced into Africa for the biological control of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti and was intermediate between the survival probabilities of the parental strains.
Molecular identification of microorganisms associated with parthenogenesis
It is concluded that parthenogenesis bacteria and cytoplasmic incompatibility bacteria form a monophyletic group of microorganisms that 'specialize' in manipulating chromosome behaviour and reproduction of insects.
The diversity of insect communities in leaf-mines and plant galls.
The varied structure of oak galls provides a basis for a partitioning of resources between polyphagous parasites and may explain the co-existence of many cynipid species on oak trees.
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual
The content has been entirely recast to include nucleic-acid based methods selected as the most widely used and valuable in molecular and cellular biology laboratories.
  • Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony. Release 3.1.1. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
  • 1993