Distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes in nasopharyngeal carriage and in invasive pneumococcal disease in Sao Paulo, Brazil.


To determine whether serotypes of S. pneumoniae isolated from the nasopharynx (NP) are representative of data from patients with invasive disease, we collected NP swab specimens from children, between 3 months and 5 years and obtained data from 105 children hospitalized with invasive disease. The prevalence of penicillin nonsusceptible strains in the NP… (More)


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