Distribution of Mid-Latitude Ground Ice on Mars from New Impact Craters

@article{Byrne2009DistributionOM,
  title={Distribution of Mid-Latitude Ground Ice on Mars from New Impact Craters},
  author={Shane Byrne and Colin M. Dundas and Megan R. Kennedy and Michael T Mellon and Alfred S. McEwen and Selby C. Cull and Ingrid Justine Daubar and David E. Shean and Kimberly D. Seelos and Scott L. Murchie and Bruce A. Cantor and Raymond E. Arvidson and Kenneth S. Edgett and Andreas Reufer and Nicolas Thomas and Tanya N. Harrison and Liliya V. Posiolova and Frank P. Seelos},
  journal={Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={325},
  pages={1674 - 1676}
}
Martian Impact Impact craters form frequently on Mars, exposing material that would otherwise remain hidden below the surface. Byrne et al. (p. 1674) identified mid-latitude craters that formed over the last few years, imaged them in great detail with a camera on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and monitored subsequent changes. The craters excavated buried water ice, which was later seen sublimating away. In addition, some craters might have excavated completely through the ice. The… 

HiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice

Twenty small new impact craters or clusters have been observed to excavate bright material inferred to be ice at mid‐latitudes and high latitudes on Mars. In the northern hemisphere, the craters are

Exposed subsurface ice sheets in the Martian mid-latitudes

TLDR
Cliffs on Mars expose water ice sheets present just below the surface in many locations, and the vertical structure of Martian ice-rich deposits are expected to preserve a record of ice deposition and past climate.

Geomorphological Evidence for Shallow Ice in the Southern Hemisphere of Mars

The localized loss of near‐surface excess ice on Mars by sublimation (and perhaps melting) can produce thermokarstic collapse features such as expanded craters and scalloped depressions, which can be

Widespread Exposures of Extensive Clean Shallow Ice in the Midlatitudes of Mars

Although ice in the Martian midlatitudes is typically covered by a layer of dust or regolith, it is exposed in some locations by fresh impact craters or in erosional scarps. In both cases, the
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