Distribution and categorization of echocardiographic measurements in relation to reference limits: the Framingham Heart Study: formulation of a height- and sex-specific classification and its prospective validation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Despite widespread categorization of echocardiographic measurements, there are no standardized guidelines for partitioning values exceeding reference limits. METHODS AND RESULTS We used regression analyses to develop sex- and height-specific reference limits for cardiac M-mode measurements (left ventricular [LV] mass, LV wall thickness, and LV… (More)

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