Distribution and Fate of Military Explosives and Propellants in Soil: A Review

@inproceedings{Pichtel2012DistributionAF,
  title={Distribution and Fate of Military Explosives and Propellants in Soil: A Review},
  author={J. Troy Pichtel},
  year={2012}
}
Energetic materials comprise both explosives and propellants. When released to the biosphere, energetics are xenobiotic contaminants which pose toxic hazards to ecosystems, humans, and other biota. Soils worldwide are contaminated by energetic materials from manufacturing operations; military conflict; military training activities at firing and impact ranges; and open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) of obsolete munitions. Energetic materials undergo varying degrees of chemical and biochemical… CONTINUE READING

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