Distinction between the literal and intended meanings of sentences: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of metaphor and sarcasm

@article{Uchiyama2012DistinctionBT,
  title={Distinction between the literal and intended meanings of sentences: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of metaphor and sarcasm},
  author={Hitoshi T. Uchiyama and Daisuke N. Saito and Hiroki C. Tanabe and Tokiko Harada and Norihiro Sadato},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2012},
  volume={48},
  pages={563-583}
}
To comprehend figurative utterances such as metaphor or sarcasm, a listener must both judge the literal meaning of the statement and infer the speaker's intended meaning (mentalizing; Amodio and Frith, 2006). To delineate the neural substrates of pragmatic comprehension, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with 20 normal adult volunteers. Participants read short stories followed by a target sentence. Depending on the context provided by the preceding stories, the target… CONTINUE READING
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