Distinct responses to mechanical grinding and hydrostatic pressure in luminescent chromism of tetrathiazolylthiophene.

Abstract

Luminescent mechanochromism has been intensively studied in the past few years. However, the difference in the anisotropic grinding and the isotropic compression is not clearly distinguished in many cases, in spite of the importance of this discrimination for the application of such mechanochromic materials. We now report the distinct luminescent responses of a new organic fluorophore, tetrathiazolylthiophene, to these stresses. The multichromism is achieved over the entire visible region using the single fluorophore. The different mechanisms of a blue shift by grinding crystals and of a red shift under hydrostatic pressure are fully investigated, which includes a high-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The anisotropic and isotropic modes of mechanical loading suppress and enhance the excimer formation, respectively, in the 3D hydrogen-bond network.

DOI: 10.1021/ja4055228

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Cite this paper

@article{Nagura2013DistinctRT, title={Distinct responses to mechanical grinding and hydrostatic pressure in luminescent chromism of tetrathiazolylthiophene.}, author={Kazuhiko Nagura and Shohei Saito and Hitoshi Yusa and Hiroshi Yamawaki and Hiroshi Fujihisa and Hiroyasu Sato and Yuichi Shimoikeda and Shigehiro Yamaguchi}, journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society}, year={2013}, volume={135 28}, pages={10322-5} }