Distinct neural substrates for deductive and mathematical processing.

@article{Kroger2008DistinctNS,
  title={Distinct neural substrates for deductive and mathematical processing.},
  author={James K. Kroger and Leigh Nystrom and Jonathan D. Cohen and Philip N. Johnson-Laird},
  journal={Brain research},
  year={2008},
  volume={1243},
  pages={86-103}
}
In an effort to clarify how deductive reasoning is accomplished, an fMRI study was performed to observe the neural substrates of logical reasoning and mathematical calculation. Participants viewed a problem statement and three premises, and then either a conclusion or a mathematical formula. They had to indicate whether the conclusion followed from the premises, or to solve the mathematical formula. Language areas of the brain (Broca's and Wernicke's area) responded as the premises and the… CONTINUE READING