Distance-dependent effect of the nearest neighbor: spatiotemporal patterns in brown bear reproduction.

  title={Distance-dependent effect of the nearest neighbor: spatiotemporal patterns in brown bear reproduction.},
  author={Andr{\'e}s Ordiz and Ole Gunnar St\oen and Jon Swenson and Ilpo Kojola and Richard Bischof},
  volume={89 12},
In mammals, reproductive synchrony and reproductive suppression usually are found in social, group-living species, which often display hierarchical relationships among related animals. Some individuals, particularly younger, philopatric females beyond the age of sexual maturity, may not raise offspring because they are suppressed by other individuals. Although brown bears (Ursus arctos) are a solitary species, the existence of socially induced delayed primiparity of philopatric females has been… CONTINUE READING
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