Distance/near differences in intermittent exotropia.

  title={Distance/near differences in intermittent exotropia.},
  author={Burton J. Kushner and Glenn Morton},
  journal={Archives of ophthalmology},
  volume={116 4},
BACKGROUND Burian's classification of exotropia based on the difference between the distance deviation and near deviation (distance/near differences) leaves some questions unanswered. Controversy exists concerning whether the divergence excess pattern is caused by an excess of divergence or by excessive accommodative convergence. Much of the literature on this subject has been confusing because investigators did not eliminate tenacious proximal fusion as an artifact in calculating the ratio of… CONTINUE READING
37 Citations
42 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 37 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 42 references

Exotropic deviations: a functional classification and approach to treatment

  • BJ Kushner
  • Am Orthoptic J. 1988;38:81-93
  • 1988
Highly Influential
20 Excerpts

Intermittent exotropia basic and divergene excess type

  • J Cooper, N. Medow
  • Binocular Vision Eye Muscle Surg Q
  • 1993
1 Excerpt

Prisms in pre-operative diagnosis of intermittent exotropia

  • S Shippman, D Weintraub, K Cohen, A. Weseley
  • Am Orthoptic J. 1988;38:101-106
  • 1988

The use of the pre-op prism adaptation test (PAT) in surgery of exotropia

  • A Ron, S. Merin
  • Am Orthoptic J. 1988;38:107-110
  • 1988

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…