Dissociative trance and spirit possession: Challenges for cultures in transition

  title={Dissociative trance and spirit possession: Challenges for cultures in transition},
  author={V. Bhavsar and A. Ventriglio and D. Bhugra},
  journal={Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences},
The cross‐cultural validity of dissociative possession and trance disorders is a matter of some debate, limiting research and meaningful interpretation of prevalence data. Intimate to these concerns is the status of spirit possession categories studied in the social sciences, particularly anthropology. These two categories are phenomenologically related and display similar epidemiological associations. In India, dissociative and conversion disorders are fairly common in clinical settings. There… Expand
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Reliability of the Dissociative Trance Disorder Interview Schedule: A preliminary report
  • C. Ross, E. Somer, Caitlin Goode
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2018
The findings indicate that the DTDIS has good reliability and may be suitable for use in cross-cultural research; however, the results require replication by independent researchers in a variety of cultures and languages, and in both clinical and nonclinical samples. Expand
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  • U. Werneke
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Nordic journal of psychiatry
  • 2018
Clinicians require a sound grounding in transcultural skills to confidently and empathically deal with patients from unfamiliar backgrounds in the diagnosis and treatment of serious mental health problems in a transcultural context. Expand
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Spirit possession in South Asia, dissociation or hysteria?
  • R. J. Castillo
  • Sociology, Psychology
  • Culture, medicine and psychiatry
  • 1994
A summary of the history of paradigm shifts in psychiatric theory relevant to spirit possession is presented and dissociation theory offers a better theoretical tool for this type of research. Expand
Distress, Dissociation, and Embodied Experience: Reconsidering the Pathways to Mediumship and Mental Health
This article explores the biocultural bases of spirit possession mediumship in the Afro-Brazilian religion, Candomble. After a brief review of the literature, the article moves beyond the biomedicalExpand
Possession Trance in a Semi-Urban Community in Sri Lanka*
A survey of possession trance states in a semi-urban population of 7653 identified 37 subjects and four psychodynamic syndromes observed are described with illustrative case vignettes. Expand
A Critical Review of Dissociative Trance and Possession Disorders: Etiological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic, and Nosological Issues
DTD is a widespread disorder that can be understood as a global idiom of distress, probably underdiagnosed in Western countries owing to cultural biases, whose incidence could increase given the rising flow of migration. Expand
Psychosocial Stressors that Precipitate Dissociative Trance Disorder in Singapore
Objective: To study the psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder (DTD) and to identify predictors of DTD. Method: We conducted semistructured interviews in which detailedExpand
Psychosocial stressors that precipitate dissociative trance disorder in Singapore.
  • B. Ng, Y. Chan
  • Medicine
  • The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 2004
Logistic regression reveals that the following are positive predictors for DTD: conflicts over religious and cultural issues; prior exposure to trance states; and being a spiritual healer or his/her assistant. Expand
A Cultural Critique of the DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders Section
The Dissociative Disorders subcommittee of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)-sponsored Committee on Culture and Diagnosis proposed 36 specific textual recommendations for inclusion inExpand
The idiom of demonic possession. A case study.
It is claimed that the common idiom of illness makes possible communication between patient and community, facilitates the mobilization of group resources, permits abreactions, and wards off cognitive and perceptual disorganization. Expand
Demonic Attributions in Nondelusional Disorders
Beliefs in possession or demonic influence are not confined to delusional disorders and should not be qualified as a mere delusion, but have to be interpreted against the cultural and religious background which is shaping causal models of mental distress in the individual. Expand
A Cross-Cultural Study of the Possession-Trance in Singapore
The characteristic features as seen in 36 young men of the three different ethnic communities are described and at follow-up four to five years later, none of the 26 who could be contacted showed any evidence of mental illness. Expand