Dissociative identity disorder: An empirical overview

  title={Dissociative identity disorder: An empirical overview},
  author={Martin J. Dorahy and Bethany L Brand and Vedat Şar and Christa Kr{\"u}ger and Pam Stavropoulos and Alfonso Mart{\'i}nez-Taboas and Roberto Lewis‐Fern{\'a}ndez and Warwick Middleton},
  journal={Australian \& New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={402 - 417}
Objective: Despite its long and auspicious place in the history of psychiatry, dissociative identity disorder (DID) has been associated with controversy. This paper aims to examine the empirical data related to DID and outline the contextual challenges to its scientific investigation. Methods: The overview is limited to DID-specific research in which one or more of the following conditions are met: (i) a sample of participants with DID was systematically investigated, (ii) psychometrically… 

Dissociative identity disorder: Fact, fantasy or invalid?

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a rare, complex and controversial mental health presentation, characterised by two or more distinct personality states and recurrent gaps in memory. Mental

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Dissociative identity disorder is an empirically robust chronic psychiatric disorder based on neurobiological, cognitive, and interpersonal non-integration as a response to unbearable stress and may be seen as an exemplary disease model of the biopsychosocial paradigm in psychiatry.

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Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is defined in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as an identity disruption indicated by the presence of two or

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Dissociative identity disorder (DID), previously referred to as multiple personality disorder (MPD), is often discounted, neglected, and misunderstood by the health care system and society. Although

Dialogues Between Philosophy and Psychiatry: The Case of Dissociative Identity Disorder

In psychiatry, as in any other medical specialty, the clinician collects information from the patient’s anamnesis, clinical observation, and diagnostic tests; evaluates these data; and makes a


The role and nature of conflict in the development and manifestation of dissociative identity disorder (DID) remains underexplored beyond theoretical deduction. In this qualitative instrumental case

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Dissociation in post-traumatic stress disorder is considered, developmental factors hypothesised to be associated with dissociation in childhood and early adulthood are outlined, and it is warned that clinicians should keep an open mind about how dissociation may manifest transdiagnostically.

Dissociative Disorder in the Iranian Culture: The Lawless Utopia

The present article attempts to propose a possible hypothesis for the answer to the answer of dissociative symptoms in many Iranian psychiatric illnesses through a different cultural conceptualization and seeks to be of some help to future studies in this area.

Dissociative Identity Disorder in an Adolescent With Nine Alternate Personality Traits: A Case Study

This is the first reported case of dissociative identity disorder in an adolescent in Korea and emphasizes the consideration of DID in the differential diagnosis of other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder and expands the treatment opportunities for DID by sharing the procedures of ego state therapy.

Fighting the Whole System: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Labeling Theory, and Iatrogenic Doubting

  • J. FlorisS. McPherson
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2015
The diagnosis appeared to be continually assessed by participants for its fit with symptoms, and the doubt among professionals seemed to be unhelpfully reflected in participants’ attempts to understand and come to terms with their experiences.



Dissociative Identity Disorder: An Australian Series

The dissociative symptomatology of the patients examined in the present study represents a significant component of a complex syndrome associated with a history of severe ongoing developmental trauma dating from early childhood.

Dissociative identity disorder and substance abuse: the forgotten relationship.

The authors present several representative cases illustrative of features of patients with DID, and draw upon the existing literature, and their experience to discuss treatment strategies aimed at treating patients with both diagnoses.

The sociocognitive model of dissociative identity disorder: a reexamination of the evidence.

The author reexamines the evidence for the sociocognitive model of dissociative identity disorder and concludes that it is based on numerous false assumptions about the psychopathology, assessment, and treatment of DID.

Possession Experiences in Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Preliminary Study

  • C. Ross
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2011
Trance, sleepwalking, paranormal, and possession experiences were much more common in the DID patients than in the 2 comparison samples, and the study is preliminary and exploratory in nature because the samples were not matched in any way.

The Imitation of Dissociative Identity Disorder: Patients at Risk, Therapists at Risk

Since the late 1980s the authors have been confronted with cases of imitated dissociative identity disorder (DID) in Holland. Because DSM-IV defines “factitious disorder” as intentional, the term

An examination of the diagnostic validity of dissociative identity disorder.

Dissociative disorders among adults in the community, impaired functioning, and axis I and II comorbidity.


The presentation and clinical features of dissociative identity disorder in Turkey are remarkably similar to findings from North America and Western Europe, suggesting the validity of DID across cultures.

Prevalence of dissociative disorders among women in the general population