Dissociating averageness and attractiveness: attractive faces are not always average.

  title={Dissociating averageness and attractiveness: attractive faces are not always average.},
  author={Lisa Marie DeBruine and Benedict C. Jones and Layla Unger and Anthony C. Little and David R. Feinberg},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance},
  volume={33 6},
Although the averageness hypothesis of facial attractiveness proposes that the attractiveness of faces is mostly a consequence of their averageness, 1 study has shown that caricaturing highly attractive faces makes them mathematically less average but more attractive. Here the authors systematically test the averageness hypothesis in 5 experiments using both rating and visual adaptation paradigms. Visual adaptation has previously been shown to increase both preferences for previously viewed… 
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The role of symmetry in attraction to average faces
It is demonstrated that increasing averageness of 2-D face shape independently of symmetry is sufficient to increase attractiveness, indicating that preferences for symmetry cannot solely explain the attractiveness of average faces.
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Artistic representations of faces : How averaging affects attractiveness ratings of portraits
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Ensemble perception of facial attractiveness.
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Anchoring Effects in Facial Attractiveness
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The Nonlinear and Gender-Related Relationships of Face Attractiveness and Typicality With Perceived Trustworthiness
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What Is Typical Is Good
It is shown that for a continuum of faces that vary on a typicality-attractiveness dimension, trustworthiness judgments peak around the typical face, which suggests that face typicality is an important determinant of face evaluation.
Adaptation reinforces preferences for correlates of attractive facial cues
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Facial shape and judgements of female attractiveness
The finding that highly attractive facial configurations are not average shows that preferences could exert a directional selection pressure on the evolution of human face shape.
Fitting the mind to the World
The results suggest that perceptual adaptation can rapidly recalibrate people's preferences to fit the faces they see, and suggest that average faces are attractive because of their central location in a distribution of faces (i.e., prototypicality), rather than because of any intrinsic appeal of particular physical characteristics.
Are Average Facial Configurations Attractive Only Because of Their Symmetry?
Several commentators have suggested that the attractiveness of average facial configurations could be due solely to associated changes in symmetry. If this symmetry hypothesis is correct, then
Attractiveness of Facial Averageness and Symmetry in Non-Western Cultures: In Search of Biologically Based Standards of Beauty
These findings show that preferences for facial averageness and symmetry are not restricted to Western cultures, consistent with the view that they are biologically based.
Attractive Faces Are Only Average
Scientists and philosophers have searched for centuries for a parsimonious answer to the question of what constitutes beauty. We approached this problem from both an evolutionary and
The role of masculinity and distinctiveness in judgments of human male facial attractiveness.
Averaging in both shape and texture were found to increase attractiveness independently, showing that the increased attractiveness of composites is due to the combined action of these two manipulations, suggestive that masculinity and distinctiveness are separable components in face perception.
Facial Attractiveness: Evolutionary, Cognitive, and Social Perspectives
What Makes A Face Attractive and Why: The Role of Averageness in Defining Facial Beauty by A.J. Rubenstein, J.H. Langlois, and L.A. Roggman The Attractiveness of Average Faces: Cross-Cultural
Facial distinctiveness: its measurement, distribution and influence on immediate and delayed recognition.
In three studies the authors explored the distributions using different techniques to estimate distinctiveness, and recognition memory was predicted by all of the distinctiveness measures, with the relationship being stronger after a 5-week delay than in the immediate test.
The evolutionary psychology of facial beauty.
  • G. Rhodes
  • Psychology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 2006
It is argued that both kinds of selection pressures may have shaped the authors' perceptions of facial beauty.
Gaze bias both reflects and influences preference
The gaze cascade effect was also present when participants compared abstract, unfamiliar shapes for attractiveness, suggesting that orienting and preference for objects in general are intrinsically linked in a positive feedback loop leading to the conscious choice.