Dissociating affective and cognitive dimensions of uncertainty by altering regulatory focus.

  title={Dissociating affective and cognitive dimensions of uncertainty by altering regulatory focus.},
  author={Jordan Richard Schoenherr and Tyler J. Burleigh},
  journal={Acta psychologica},
Cognitive uncertainty is evidenced across learning, memory, and decision-making tasks. Uncertainty has also been examined in studies of positive affect and preference by manipulating stimulus presentation frequency. Despite the extensive research in both of these areas, there has been little systematic study into the relationship between affective and cognitive uncertainty. Using a categorization task, the present study examined changes in cognitive and affective uncertainty by manipulating… Expand


Neural networks underlying the metacognitive uncertainty response
These neuroimaging results bolster previous behavioral findings, which suggested that different cognitive processes underlie responses due to associative learning versus the declaration of uncertainty, and conclude that the UR represents an elemental behavioral index of metacognition. Expand
Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion.
This work proposes eight cognitive appraisal dimensions to differentiate emotional experience, and investigates the patterns of appraisal for the different emotions, and the role of each of the dimensions in differentiating emotional experience are discussed. Expand
A reappraisal of the uncanny valley: categorical perception or frequency-based sensitization?
The present study examined whether the negative affect associated with the UCV might be explained in terms of an individual's degree of exposure to stimuli, and found that participants' ratings of eeriness were additionally affected by exemplar frequency. Expand
Beyond valence: Toward a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice
Most theories of affective influences on judgement and choice take a valence-based approach, contrasting the effects of positive versus negative feeling states. These approaches have not specified ifExpand
Information–integration category learning and the human uncertainty response
Three experiments are described that investigated the human uncertainty response in multi-dimensional, information-integration categorization tasks that rely on non-declarative procedural memory and showed that the deficit observed in Experiment 2 was not because of the uncertainty response option per se, but rather because the uncertainty responded provided participants a mechanism via which to eliminate stimuli that were inconsistent with a simple declarative response strategy. Expand
A test of the regulatory fit hypothesis in perceptual classification learning
This article builds a bridge between research on regulatory focus in motivation and classification learning. It tests the hypothesis that a fit between the situational regulatory focus and the rewardExpand
Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory.
Attentional control theory is an approach to anxiety and cognition representing a major development of Eysenck and Calvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory and may not impair performance effectiveness when it leads to the use of compensatory strategies (e.g., enhanced effort; increased use of processing resources). Expand
Differential Effects of Regulatory Fit on Category Learning.
The proposal that a fit between a person's situationally-induced self-regulatory focus and the reward structure of the task that they are pursuing supports greater flexibility in processing than does a mismatch between regulatory focus and reward structure is explored. Expand
Attitudinal effects of mere exposure.
The hypothesis is offered that mere repeated exposure of the individual to a stimulus object enhances his attitude toward it. By "mere" exposure is meant a condition making the stimulus accessible toExpand
Mere Exposure: A Gateway to the Subliminal
In the mere-repeated-exposure paradigm, an individual is repeatedly exposed to a particular stimulus object, and the researcher records the individual's emerging preference for that object. VastExpand