Dissociable neural systems for recognizing emotions

  title={Dissociable neural systems for recognizing emotions},
  author={Ralph Adolphs and Daniel Tranel and Antonio R. Damasio},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},

Attenuated sensitivity to the emotions of others by insular lesion

This study examined the alteration in emotion recognition in three right insular and adjacent area damaged cases with well-preserved higher cognitive function and suggested that the insular cortex modulates recognition of emotional saliency and mediates interoceptive and emotional awareness.

Neural systems for recognising emotion from facial expressions

The finding of dysfunctionally decreased insula activation in pre-symptomatic Huntington�s disease provides an explanation for the clinical deficit in recognising facial expression of disgust and underscores the role of the insula in the emotion of disgust.

State-Dependent TMS Reveals Representation of Affective Body Movements in the Anterior Intraparietal Cortex

It is demonstrated that the anterior intraparietal sulcus of the aIPS contains a representation of affective body movements, indicating the existence of a neural representation selective for affective information in biological motion.

Recognizing emotion from facial expressions: psychological and neurological mechanisms.

  • R. Adolphs
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behavioral and cognitive neuroscience reviews
  • 2002
Investigations are being extended to nonhuman primates, to infants, and to patients with psychiatric disorders, to elucidate some of the mechanisms behind recognition of emotion from facial expressions.

Hemodynamic brain correlates of disgust and fear ratings

An investigation of facial emotion recognition impairments in alexithymia and its neural correlates

How does interoceptive awareness interact with the subjective experience of emotion? An fMRI Study

Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience have suggested that the integration of information about the internal bodily state and the external environment is crucial for the experience of emotion.

Event-related brain potential correlates of emotional face processing

A Common Anterior Insula Representation of Disgust Observation, Experience and Imagination Shows Divergent Functional Connectivity Pathways

Voxels in the anterior Insula and adjacent frontal operculum were found to be involved in all three modalities of disgust, suggesting that simulation in the context of social perception and mental imagery of disgust share a common neural substrates.



A Role for Somatosensory Cortices in the Visual Recognition of Emotion as Revealed by Three-Dimensional Lesion Mapping

It is shown that recognizing emotions from visually presented facial expressions requires right somatosensory-related cortices, and these cortices constitute an additional critical component that functions together with structures such as the amygdala and right visual cortices in retrieving socially relevant information from faces.

Cortical Systems for the Recognition of Emotion in Facial Expressions

It is found that all subjects recognized happy expressions normally but that some subjects were impaired in recognizing negative emotions, especially fear and sadness, and this data provides evidence for a neural system important to processing facial expressions of some emotions, involving discrete visual and somatosensory cortical sectors in right hemisphere.

A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust

Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to examine the neural substrate for perceiving disgust expressions and found the neural response to facial expressions of disgust in others is thus closely related to appraisal of distasteful stimuli.

Facial emotion recognition after bilateral amygdala damage: Differentially severe impairment of fear

Although the amygdala is widely believed to have a role in the recognition of emotion, a central issue concerns whether it is involved in the recognition of all emotions or whether it is more

Fear and the human amygdala

The results show that bilateral, but not unilateral, damage to the human amygdala impairs the processing of fearful facial expressions, and it is proposed that the amygdala is required to link visual representations of facial expressions with representations that constitute the concept of fear.

A Neural Basis for the Retrieval of Words for Actions

A follow-up analysis indicated that action naming impairments were not only associated with premotor/prefrontal lesions, but also with lesions of the left mesial occipital cortex and of the paraventricular white matter underneath the supramarginal and posterior temporal regions.

Impaired recognition of emotion in facial expressions following bilateral damage to the human amygdala

Findings suggest the human amygdala may be indispensable to recognize fear in facial expressions, but is not required to recognize personal identity from faces, and constrains the broad notion that the amygdala is involved in emotion.

A Role for the Human Amygdala in Recognizing Emotional Arousal From Unpleasant Stimuli

The findings suggest that the amygdala plays a critical role in knowledge concerning the arousal of negative emotions, a function that may explain the impaired recognition of fear and anger in patients with bilateral amygdala damage, and one that is consistent with the amygdala's role in processing stimuli related to threat and danger.

Multidimensional scaling of emotional facial expressions: Similarity from preschoolers to adults.

Structural models of emotion represent the fact that we perceive emotions as systematically interrelated. These interrelations may reveal a basic property of the human conception of emotions, or they