Dissimilarity and the classification of female singing voices: a preliminary study.

@article{Erickson2003DissimilarityAT,
  title={Dissimilarity and the classification of female singing voices: a preliminary study.},
  author={Molly L. Erickson},
  journal={Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation},
  year={2003},
  volume={17 2},
  pages={
          195-206
        }
}
  • M. Erickson
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
Traditionally, timbre has been defined as that perceptual attribute that differentiates two sounds when pitch and loudness are equal and thus is a measure of dissimilarity. By such a definition, each voice possesses a set of timbres, and the identity of any voice or voice category across different pitch-loudness-vowel combinations must be due to an abstraction of the pattern of timbre transformation. Using stimuli produced across the singing range by singers from different voice categories… Expand
Dissimilarity and the classification of male singing voices.
  • M. Erickson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • 2008
TLDR
Using stimuli produced across the singing range by singers from different voice categories, this study sought to examine how timbre and pitch interact in the perception of dissimilarity in male singing voices and found that inexperienced listeners appeared to rely more heavily on pitch in making Dissimilarity judgments than did experienced listeners. Expand
Inexperienced Listeners' Perception of Timbre Dissimilarity Within and Between Voice Categories.
  • M. Erickson
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • 2018
TLDR
In spite of a lack of both range and tessitura information, timbre dissimilarity ratings provided by inexperienced listeners yielded MDS dimensions that accurately predicted voice categories and vocal weight and that highly correlated to expert listeners ratings of these two parameters. Expand
Listening evaluation and classification of female singing voice categories
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the voice category is mainly connected with the levels of specific spectral peaks, while brightness is correlated with the frequency positions of spectral maxima. Expand
Sound Source Identification: The Possible Role of Timbre Transformations
Timbre is typically investigated as a perceptual attribute that differentiates instruments at one pitch. Yet the perceptual usefulness of timbre is that it allows listeners to recognize oneExpand
Can listeners hear who is singing? A comparison of three-note and six-note discrimination tasks.
Abstract Summary: Timbre is typically investigated as a perceptual attribute that differentiates a sound source at one pitch and loudness. Yet the perceptual usefulness of timbre is that it allowsExpand
Can listeners hear who is singing? A comparison of three-note and six-note discrimination tasks.
  • M. Erickson, S. Perry
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • 2003
TLDR
The ability of listeners to identify which pitch in an ascending or descending sequence of three or six stimuli was sung by a different singer was investigated, supporting the idea that timbre should be understood as a transformation that connects the different sounds of one source and that a "rich" set of sounds is necessary to discover the trajectory. Expand
The interaction of formant frequency and pitch in the perception of voice category and jaw opening in female singers.
  • M. Erickson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • 2004
TLDR
Listeners appeared to need agreement between all four formants to perceive voice categories, and when upper and lower formants are inconsistent in frequency, listeners were unable to judge voice category, but they could use the inconsistent patterns to form perceptions about degree of jaw opening. Expand
Can listeners hear who is singing? Part B--experienced listeners.
  • M. Erickson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • 2009
TLDR
The ability of experienced listeners to identify which pitch in an ascending or descending sequence of three or six stimuli was sung by a different singer is investigated and supports the idea that timbre should be understood as a transformation that connects the different sounds of one source. Expand
The Effect of Timbre, Pitch, and Vibrato on Vocal Pitch-Matching Accuracy.
TLDR
The interesting finding of the study was that singers attempted to match the timbre of stimuli with vibrato, showing that pitch matching is a complex process affected by many parameters. Expand
An Acoustic Examination of Pitch Variation in Soprano Singing.
TLDR
Pitch changes indicate differences in the behavior of the fundamental frequency and sound formants in sopranos. Expand
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