Dissimilar association of conventional immuno-reactive versus specific insulin with cardiovascular risk factors: a consequence of proinsulinaemia?


In this study involving 365 non-diabetic elderly Caucasians, we examined the relationship of immuno-specific insulin (ISI), total immuno-reactive insulin (IRI), proinsulin (PI) and proinsulin-insulin ratio (PI:ISI) to serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride (TG), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean… (More)