Development of a low cost wireless IMU using MEMS sensors for pedestrian navigation
This paper investigates two methods of displacement estimation using sampled acceleration and orientation data from a 6 degrees of freedom (DOF) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), with the application to sporting training and rehabilitation. Currently, the use of low cost IMUs for this particular application is very impractical due to the accumulation of errors from various sources. Previous studies and projects that have applied IMUs to similar applications have used a lower number of DOF, or have used higher accuracy navigational grade IMUs. Solutions to the acceleration noise accumulation and gyroscope angle error problem are proposed in this paper. A zero velocity update algorithm (ZUPT) is also developed to improve the accuracy of displacement estimation with a low grade IMU. The experimental results from this study demonstrate the feasibility of using an IMU with loose tolerances to determine the displacement. Peak distances of a range of exercises are shown to be measured with accuracies within 5% for the numerical integration methods.