Displacement control in tunnels excavated by the NATM: 3-D numerical simulations

@inproceedings{Farias2004DisplacementCI,
  title={Displacement control in tunnels excavated by the NATM: 3-D numerical simulations},
  author={M{\'a}rcio Muniz de Farias and {\'A}lvaro Henrique Moraes J{\'u}nior and Andr{\'e} Pacheco de Assis},
  year={2004}
}
The high cost of urban space has significantly increased the demand for tunnels in big urban centres. In such areas, settlements induced by the tunnel excavation may cause serious damage to nearby structures. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate effective means of controlling tunnel-induced settlements. In many countries, tunnels in soils and rocks are constructed using the New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM). This is mainly due to its flexibility to adapted to different ground… CONTINUE READING

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