Dispersive response of atoms trapped near the surface of an optical nanofiber with applications to quantum nondemolition measurement and spin squeezing

@article{Qi2016DispersiveRO,
  title={Dispersive response of atoms trapped near the surface of an optical nanofiber with applications to quantum nondemolition measurement and spin squeezing},
  author={Xiaodong Qi and Ben Q. Baragiola and Poul S. Jessen and Ivan H. Deutsch},
  journal={Physical Review A},
  year={2016},
  volume={93},
  pages={023817}
}
We study the strong coupling between photons and atoms that can be achieved in an optical nanofiber geometry when the interaction is dispersive. While the Purcell enhancement factor for spontaneous emission into the guided mode does not reach the strong-coupling regime for individual atoms, one can obtain high cooperativity for ensembles of a few thousand atoms due to the tight confinement of the guided modes and constructive interference over the entire chain of trapped atoms. We calculate the… 

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