Dispersal patterns in Costa Rican mantled howling monkeys

  title={Dispersal patterns in Costa Rican mantled howling monkeys},
  author={Kenneth E. Glander},
  journal={International Journal of Primatology},
  • K. Glander
  • Published 1 August 1992
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Primatology
Both male and female juveniles disperse in Costa Rican mantled howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata). 79% of the males and 96% of the females leave their natal groups. Males may spend up to 4 years and females up to 1 year as solitaries. Extra-group individuals are faced with only three possibilities, i.e., form a new group by joining another extra-group individual, join an established social group, or remain solitary. Most surviving extra-group individuals join an established social group which… 

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