Dispersal and emerging ecological impacts of Ponto-Caspian species in the Laurentian Great Lakes 1

@inproceedings{Vanderploeg2002DispersalAE,
  title={Dispersal and emerging ecological impacts of Ponto-Caspian species in the Laurentian Great Lakes 1},
  author={Henry A. Vanderploeg and Thomas F. Nalepa and David J. Jude and Edward L. Mills and Kristen T. Holeck and James R. Liebig and Igor A. Grigorovich and Henn Ojaveer},
  year={2002}
}
We describe, explain, and “predict” dispersal and ecosystem impacts of six Ponto-Caspian endemic species that recently invaded the Great Lakes via ballast water. The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, and quagga mussel, Dreissena bugensis, continue to colonize hard and soft substrates of the Great Lakes and are changing ecosystem function through mechanisms of ecosystem engineering (increased water clarity and reef building), fouling native mussels, high particle filtration rate with selective… CONTINUE READING
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