Dispelling the myth of robotic efficiency

  title={Dispelling the myth of robotic efficiency},
  author={Ian A. Crawford},
  journal={Astronomy \& Geophysics},
  • I. Crawford
  • Published 28 March 2012
  • Geology
  • Astronomy & Geophysics
There is a widely held view in the astronomical community that unmanned robotic space vehicles are, and always will be, more efficient explorers of planetary surfaces than astronauts (e.g. Coates 2001, Clements 2009, Rees 2011). Partly this comes from a common assumption that robotic exploration is cheaper than human exploration (although this isn't necessarily true if like is compared with like) and partly from the expectation that developments in technology will relentlessly increase the… 

Figures from this paper

Geophysics on the final frontier

Geophysics in the broad sense, the direct sensing physical properties in space, has been a key part of space exploration from the start. The first satellites were launched in the International

A lunar Micro Rover System Overview for Aiding Science and ISRU Missions

Current science missions to the surface of other planetary bodies tend to be very large with upwards of ten instruments on board. This is due to high reliability requirements, and the desire to get

Planetary Analog Field Operations as a Learning Tool

Mars and Moon analog field missions are established tools to investigate the potential of instruments, workflows, materials, and human factors for characterizing the astrobiological potential and

Is Human Enhancement in Space a Moral Duty? Missions to Mars, Advanced AI and Genome Editing in Space

  • K. Szocik
  • Physics
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • 2020
The author argues that for long-term human missions of a space environment, there are strong reasons to consider human enhancement, including gene editing of germ line and somatic cells, as a moral duty.

Ethical Challenges in Human Space Missions: A Space Refuge, Scientific Value, and Human Gene Editing for Space

This article examines some selected ethical issues in human space missions including human missions to Mars, particularly the idea of a space refuge, the scientific value of space exploration, and

Research Viewpoint: Human Enhancement and Artificial Intelligence for Space Missions

It is concluded that deep space mission planners seriously account for both advanced robotic artificial intelligence and human physiological enhancement for purposes of missions to deep space.

Why Human Enhancement is Necessary for Successful Human Deep-space Missions

The predominant challenges of the space environment for human health are discussed and it is argued that development and deployment of a human enhancement policy, initially confined to astronauts – for the purpose of future human space programmes is a rational solution to these challenges.

Human Place in the Outer Space: Skeptical Remarks

  • K. Szocik
  • Physics
    The Human Factor in a Mission to Mars
  • 2019
The most skeptical contribution to this volume enumerates and discusses a broad set of challenges connected with the so-called human factor in a mission to Mars. Discussed issues include rationales

Why space colonization will be fully automated



NASA PSDS Mars Sample Return Discussions (http://tinyurl.com/MSL-doc

  • 2010

Apollo: The Definitive Sourcebook

Saturn I: Development program 1961-1965.- AS-201: The first flight of the Saturn IB: a CSM on a ballistic arc 26 February 1966.- AS-203: The second flight of the Saturn IB: evaluating the S-IVB 5

Geology of Mars

The book constitutes a topographic/geologic atlas of Mars compiled on the basis of data from the various Mariner missions. A large number of maps has been included which systematically describe the

The science behind the vision for U.S. space exploration: the value of a human–robotic partnership

The Vision for U.S. Space Exploration offers new opportunities for aggressively increasing the pace of scientific discoveries across the Solar System by empowering an on-site partnership between

Solar System Log

Limited By Cost: The Case Against Humans In The Scientific Exploration Of Space

Human space flight represents a heady mix of bravery and drama which can be inspirational to nations and to humankind but at huge economic cost. Due to the current high launch costs only a handful of

Human spaceflight: science or spectacle?

On 20 July 1969 NASA's Apollo11 mission landed on the surface of the Moon. Apollo was done, to paraphrase US President John F Kennedy, because it was hard, and human spaceflight still remains very

Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar Experiments and the Apollo Program

How did science get aboard the Apollo rockets, and what did scientists do with the space allotted to them? This volume describes, from the perspective of NASA headquarters, the struggles that took