Disorders of water balance--hyponatraemia and hypernatraemia.

@article{Kovcs1992DisordersOW,
  title={Disorders of water balance--hyponatraemia and hypernatraemia.},
  author={L{\'a}szl{\'o} Kov{\'a}cs and GaryL. Robertson},
  journal={Bailliere's clinical endocrinology and metabolism},
  year={1992},
  volume={6 1},
  pages={
          107-27
        }
}
Plasma sodium concentration depends on water balance, and is normally maintained in a narrow range by an integrated system involving the precise regulation of water intake via thirst mechanism and control of water output via vasopressin secretion. Anything that interferes with the full expression of either osmoregulatory function exposes the patient to the hazards of abnormal decreases or increases in plasma sodium level. Hyponatraemia is almost always due to a defect in water excretion… CONTINUE READING

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