Disorders of Attachment in Adopted and Fostered Children: Recognition and Treatment

  title={Disorders of Attachment in Adopted and Fostered Children: Recognition and Treatment},
  author={David Howe and Sheila Fearnley},
  journal={Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry},
  pages={369 - 387}
This article briefly reviews a small number of outcome studies for adopted and fostered children, concentrating particularly on the progress of older-placed children. A transactional model of children’s development is introduced to explain the different pathways taken by children post placement. In this model transactions occur between children and their social environment which co-determine their developmental progress. The model is applied to children placed for adoption and foster care who… 
A systematic review of attachment-based psychotherapeutic interventions for adopted children
ABSTRACT Background: The link between disorders of attachment and psychopathology is well documented. Consequently, a person’s attachment style has a profound effect on his or her development and
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The objective of the present study was to explore the experiences of New Zealand non-relative foster carers fostering children with attachment difficulties (indicative of disorders of nonattachment).
Finding Parallels: The Experiences of Clinical Social Workers Providing Attachment-Based Treatment to Children in Foster Care
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Developmental Attachment Psychotherapy with Fostered and Adopted Children.
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  • Psychology
    Child and adolescent mental health
  • 2006
A brief outline of attachment theory and the four main patterns of attachment is followed by a review of attachment-based support services and psychotherapies with fostered and adopted children, including infants, preschoolers, school age children, and caregivers.
The Impact of Children’s Pre-Adoptive Traumatic Experiences on Parents
Exploring the impact of the child’s traumatic experiences on adoptive parents enables professionals involved in adoption to provide an early support to these families and to do preventive work at the level of parental representations and family interactions.
Factors associated with the adjustment of foster children in the Netherlands.
Information obtained from 419 case files was used to investigate the associations between the foster child's adjustment to the foster family and factors in the histories of the child and the parents,
Formulating foster care in Scotland for young children's emotional and mental wellbeing (short report)
A scoping study into the extent to which the way foster care as conceived and supported, provides the basis for meeting the emotional and mental health needs of young children in Scotland.
Psychosocial Treatment of Children in Foster Care: A Review
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Introduction:Research on attachment in view point of the developmental perspective which began in the 1940s progressed during several decades. Many investigators focused mother-child separation in
Parent-reported problems in 211 adopted children: some risk and protective factors.
  • D. Howe
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1997
The rate of adolescent problem behaviours varied between the three groups, with the older-children adoptions/adverse baby care group showing the highest rates.
The effects of trauma on young children: a case of 2-year-old twins.
This paper has considered trauma from the perspective of its effects on young children in the context of chronic community and family violence in children under 4 years old who have been exposed to extreme trauma.
The adolescent outcomes of adoption: a 16-year longitudinal study.
It is suggested that children who entered adoptive families were advantaged throughout childhood in a number of areas including childhood experiences, standards of health care, family material conditions, family stability and mother/child interaction.
Beyond insecurity: a reconceptualization of attachment disorders of infancy.
  • C. Zeanah
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1996
This article reviews and critiques the approaches of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Classification of Diseases to attachment disorders and finds that they have not made use of findings from developmental research on attachment in developing their criteria.
Attachment, Trauma, and Healing: Understanding and Treating Attachment Disorder in Children and Families
Attachment is the deep and enduring connection established between a child and caregiver in the first few years of life. It profoundly influences every component of the mind, body, emotions,
Infants in Foster Care: An Attachment Theory Perspective.
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The Circle of Security intervention protocol is a 20-week, group-based, parent education and psychotherapy intervention designed to shift patterns of attachment-caregiving interactions in high-risk
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