Dislocation of the atlas on the axis: the value of early fusion of C1, C2, and C3.

@article{Alexander1958DislocationOT,
  title={Dislocation of the atlas on the axis: the value of early fusion of C1, C2, and C3.},
  author={Eben Alexander and H F Forsyth and Courtland H. Davis and Blaine S. Jr. Nashold},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgery},
  year={1958},
  volume={15 4},
  pages={
          353-71
        }
}
Congenital atlanto-axial dislocation
  • G. Sinh
  • Medicine
  • Neurosurgical Review
  • 2005
TLDR
Three types of malformation can be differentiated: Group I with assimilation of the atlas, group II with anomalies of the odontoid process and group III with a normal atlas and axis. Expand
Indications and technique for the operative treatment of hypoplastic deformities of the odontoid process
TLDR
It is shown that congenital hypoplastic deformities of the odontoid process lead to clinical manifestations only when associated with a primarily existing, or a later acquired inadequacy of the ligaments with movement-induced changes in the position of the atlas. Expand
Modern treatment of the symptomatic os odontoideum
TLDR
Posterior interlaminar osteosynthesis prevents late neurological complications caused by a mobile os odontoideum, and because of the initial solid segment-stability external fixation is unnecessary. Expand
Acute injuries of the axis vertebra
A retrospective analysis of 165 patients admitted to Hermann Hospital with acute injuries of the axis vertebra revealed 68 (41%) dens fractures, 62 (38%) cases of traumatic spondylolisthesisExpand
Atlanto-axial instability in children with Down syndrome
One hundred fifty-eight patients with Down syndrome underwent roentgenologic examinations of the cervical spine in neutral position, in hyperflexion, and in hyperextension. Fifteen children with DownExpand
Atlantoaxial fusion using anterior transarticular screw fixation of C1–C2: technical innovation and biomechanical study
TLDR
Anterior transarticular screw fixation of the atlantoaxial spine has several advantages over posterior fixation techniques, and is as stable as posterior transartsicular fixation in all clinically significant planes of motion. Expand
Posterior atlanto-axial fusion: A new compression clamp for laminar osteosynthesis
TLDR
A new method of dorsal arthrodesis in patients with atlanto-axial instability of different etiology is described by insertion of an autogenous cortico-cancellous bone graft into the interlaminar space and by a bilateral application of the lately developed metal clamp. Expand
Delayed intracranial migration of cervical sublaminar and interspinous wires and subsequent cerebellar abscess. Case report.
TLDR
A case of delayed complication in which a cervical fusion wire migrated into the cerebellum, causing subsequent cerebellar abscess 2 years after posterior cervical arthrodesis is presented. Expand
A comparative analysis of fusion rates and donor-site morbidity for autogeneic rib and iliac crest bone grafts in posterior cervical fusions.
TLDR
The fusion rate and donor-site morbidity for rib autograft compare favorably with those for iliac crest when used in posterior cervical constructs, and the largest series to date in which the safety and efficacy of using autogeneic bone graft materials in spinal surgery are critically analyzed. Expand
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References

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Myelopathy caused by atlanto-axial dislocation.
TLDR
The present case demonstrates the extent to which the cord may be damaged by atlanto-axial dislocation, the result of an injury some 35 years before the onset of symptoms. Expand
Fractures of the odontoid process of the axis.
TLDR
Fracture of the odontoid in young children is an epiphysial separation that unites readily, and remodelling occurs when reduction has been incomplete, so that normal anatomy is restored. Expand
Congenital absence of the odontoid process; report of a case.
TLDR
A ninth case of congenital absence of the odontoid process is described in this paper, where a 56-year-old male complained of pain in the left trapezius muscle following head injury six weeks before hospital ... Expand
Anterior dislocation of first cervical vertebra simulating cerebral birth injury in infancy.
TLDR
It is apparent from case reports of children that clinical pictures simulating cerebral injury can occur as the result of compression of the cervical cord. Expand
Congenital absence of the odontoid process; a case report.
  • G. Miyakawa
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • 1952
Non-traumatic cervical dislocations in rheumatoid spondylitis.
TLDR
Rheumatoid spondylitis has received only scant mention in the literature as a cause of spontaneous atlantoaxial dislocations, which have been repeatedly ascribed to cervical or nasopharyngeal inflammations in childhood, rheumatic fever, and tuberculosis of the spine. Expand
Congenital absence of the odontoid process; report of a case.
  • D. M. Stiefel
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • 1950
Fractures and dislocations of the spine.
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