Dishonesty and the handicap principle

@article{Johnstone1993DishonestyAT,
  title={Dishonesty and the handicap principle},
  author={Rufus A. Johnstone and Alan Grafen},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={1993},
  volume={46},
  pages={759-764}
}
  • Rufus A. Johnstone, Alan Grafen
  • Published 1993
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour
  • Abstract Abstract. The handicap principle states that stable biological signals must be honest. Here, it is argued that they need only be honest 'on average'. If signallers employ a number of different signalling strategies at equilibrium, then the handicap principle cannot entirely rule out dishonesty. A formal demonstration of this possibility, using evolutionarily stable strategy techniques, is provided and the conditions that might lead to the evolution of multiple signalling strategies are… CONTINUE READING

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