Discussion: treatment of facial paralysis: dynamic reanimation of spontaneous facial expression-apropos of 655 patients.

Abstract

O the past three decades, a plethora of different techniques have been described for animating the paralyzed face, the majority of which address the midface and with fewer addressing the upper and lower thirds of the face. These include nerve transfers, muscle transposition, direct neurotization of potentially recoverable muscles, and oneor two-stage free… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e318230be9d

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