Identification of microorganisms by FTIR spectroscopy: perspectives and limitations of the method
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) has been used together with pattern recognition methodology to study isolates belonging to the species Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni and to compare FT-IR typing schemes with established genomic profiles based on enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR). Seventeen isolates were cultivated under standardized conditions for 2, 3, and 4 days to study variability and improve reproducibility. ERIC-PCR profiles and FT-IR spectra were obtained from strains belonging to the species Campylobacter coli and C. jejuni, normalized, and explored by hierarchical clustering and stepwise discriminant analysis. Strains could be differentiated by using mainly the first-derivative FT-IR spectral range, 1,200 to 900 cm(-1) (described as the carbohydrate region). The reproducibility index varied depending on the ages of the cultures and on the spectral ranges investigated. Classification obtained by FT-IR spectroscopy provided valuable taxonomic information and was mostly in agreement with data from the genotypic method, ERIC-PCR. The classification functions obtained from the discriminant analysis allowed the identification of 98.72% of isolates from the validation set. FT-IR can serve as a valuable tool in the classification, identification, and typing of thermophilic Campylobacter isolates, and a number of types can be differentiated by means of FT-IR spectroscopy.