Discrimination between Shiraz wines from different Australian regions: the role of spectroscopy and chemometrics.

Abstract

This study reports the use of UV-visible (UV-vis), near-infrared (NIR), and midinfrared (MIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics to discriminate among Shiraz wines produced in five Australian regions. In total, 98 commercial Shiraz samples (vintage 2006) were analyzed using UV-vis, NIR, and MIR wavelength regions. Spectral data were interpreted using principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and soft independent model of class analogy (SIMCA) to classify the wine samples according to region. The results indicated that wine samples from Western Australia and Coonawarra can be separated from the other wines based on their MIR spectra. Classification results based on MIR spectra also indicated that LDA achieved 73% overall correct classification, while SIMCA 95.3%. This study demonstrated that IR spectroscopy combined with chemometric methods can be a useful tool for wine region discrimination.

DOI: 10.1021/jf202578f

Cite this paper

@article{Riovanto2011DiscriminationBS, title={Discrimination between Shiraz wines from different Australian regions: the role of spectroscopy and chemometrics.}, author={Roberto Riovanto and Wies U Cynkar and Paolo Berzaghi and D. Cozzolino}, journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry}, year={2011}, volume={59 18}, pages={10356-60} }