Discovery of rosavirus 2, a novel variant of a rodent-associated picornavirus, in children from The Gambia.

@article{Lim2014DiscoveryOR,
  title={Discovery of rosavirus 2, a novel variant of a rodent-associated picornavirus, in children from The Gambia.},
  author={Efrem S. Lim and Song Cao and Lori R. Holtz and Martin Antonio and O Colin Stine and David Wang},
  journal={Virology},
  year={2014},
  volume={454-455},
  pages={
          25-33
        }
}
Distribution and characteristics of rodent picornaviruses in China
TLDR
According to both phylogenetic and identity analyses, Lineage 2 viruses had a close relationship with rosavirus 2 which was recovered from the feces of a child in Gambia and Lineage 4 viruses provide the first evidence of these enteroviruses and their evolution in rodent hosts in China.
Identification of Novel Rosavirus Species That Infects Diverse Rodent Species and Causes Multisystemic Dissemination in Mouse Model
TLDR
Two novel picornaviruses are identified from the street rat, Norway rat, and rosavirus C from five different wild rat species (chestnut spiny rat, greater bandicoot rat, Indochinese forest rat, roof rat and Coxing's white-bellied rat) in China and their pathogenicity and emergence potential are identified.
Genetic characterization of a novel picornavirus detected in Miniopterus schreibersii bats.
TLDR
The first molecular data and genomic characterization of a novel picornavirus from the bat species M. schreibersii in Europe is reported, and based on phylogenetic analyses, the novel bat picORNaviruses unambiguously belong to the Mischivirus genus and were highly divergent from other bat-derived picornviruses of the Sapelovirus genus.
Metagenomic analysis of the shrew enteric virome reveals novel viruses related to human stool-associated viruses.
TLDR
A large portion of the shrew enteric virome was composed of insect viruses, whilst novel viruses including cyclovirus, picornavirus and picorna-like virus were also identified.
Diverse picornaviruses are prevalent among free-living and laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Hungary and can cause disseminated infections.
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Multiple Types of Novel Enteric Bopiviruses (Picornaviridae) with the Possibility of Interspecies Transmission Identified from Cloven-Hoofed Domestic Livestock (Ovine, Caprine and Bovine) in Hungary
TLDR
Three novel picornaviruses provisionally called ovipi-, gopi- and bopivirus/Hun from enteric samples of asymptomatic ovine, caprine and bovine respectively, were determined using RT-PCR and dye-terminator sequencing techniques, revealing the presence of multiple lineages/genotypes, including closely related ovine/caprine strains.
Species-Specific Transmission of Novel Picornaviruses in Lemurs
TLDR
It is demonstrated that ongoing virus transmission in a mixed lemur species exhibit was species specific, suggesting that despite high contact intensity, host species barriers contribute to protection from cross-species transmission of these viruses.
Discovery of a prevalent picornavirus by visualizing zebrafish immune responses
TLDR
This study genetically modified zebrafish to visually report on virus infections, and provides new strategies for simultaneously discovering viruses and their impact on vertebrate hosts.
Sialic Acid Receptors: The Key to Solving the Enigma of Zoonotic Virus Spillover
TLDR
This comprehensive review of current knowledge of SA receptor distribution among animal species and the range of viruses that use SAs as receptors can inform targeted surveillance of domestic and wild animals to prevent the future emergence of zoonotic viruses.
Transmissibility of emerging viral zoonoses
TLDR
A model is developed that predicts the human transmission ability of zoonotic viruses with over 84% accuracy and can be used to prioritize high-risk viruses for future research and surveillance, and could inform an integrated early warning system for emerging infectious diseases.
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ABSTRACT A novel picornavirus genome was sequenced, showing 42.6%, 35.2%, and 44.6% of deduced amino acid identities corresponding to the P1, P2, and P3 regions, respectively, of the Aichi virus.
Klassevirus 1, a previously undescribed member of the family Picornaviridae, is globally widespread
TLDR
Klassevirus 1 is a previously undescribed picornavirus that is globally widespread and present on at least three continents that is highly divergent from, but most closely related to, members of the genus Kobuvirus.
Identification and complete genome characterization of a novel picornavirus in turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).
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The general presence of turkey picornavirus - a novel picORNavirus species - in faecal samples from healthy and affected turkeys in Hungary and in the USA suggests the worldwide occurrence and endemic circulation of this virus in turkey farms.
Rosavirus: the prototype of a proposed new genus of the Picornaviridae family
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Rosavirus qualifies as prototype of a new genus of the Picornaviridae family based on genetic distance criteria and shows strong sequence and structural conservation with the type II IRES from the Parechovirus and Hungarovirus genera.
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From the outbreak survey, it appears that the presence of Aichi virus is an indicator of mixed infections causing gastroenteritis outbreaks and that it could be involved in half of the oyster-associated outbreaks.
A highly prevalent and genetically diversified Picornaviridae genus in South Asian children
TLDR
A genetically diverse and highly prevalent enteric viral infection, characteristics similar to the Enterovirus genus, was therefore identified substantially expanding the genetic diversity of the RNA viral flora commonly found in children.
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TLDR
The close genetic similarities noted between some rodent and human viruses might reflect past zoonoses and highlights the large number of still uncharacterized viruses in mammals.
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TLDR
This investigation investigated the role of enteric viruses in acute diarrhea and their molecular diversity in France, finding four types of viruses accounted for an attributable risk of acute diarrhea of 34.7% for the general population.
Natural Occurrence and Characterization of Two Internal Ribosome Entry Site Elements in a Novel Virus, Canine Picodicistrovirus, in the Picornavirus-Like Superfamily
TLDR
A novel species is proposed, canine picodicistrovirus (CPDV), to describe this novel member of the picornavirus-like superfamily, which could represent a novel family of viruses.
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