Discovery of a Low-mass Companion around Hr 3549


We report the discovery of a low-mass companion to HR 3549, an A0V star surrounded by a debris disk with a warm excess detected by WISE at 22 μm (10σ significance). We imaged HR 3549 B in the L band with NAOSCONICA, the adaptive optics infrared camera of the Very Large Telescope, in January 2013 and confirmed its common proper motion in 2015 January. The companion is at a projected separation of ;80 AU and position angle of ;157°, so it is orbiting well beyond the warm disk inner edge of r > 10 AU. Our age estimate for this system corresponds to a companion mass in the range 15–80 MJ, spanning the brown dwarf regime, and so HR 3549 B is another recent addition to the growing list of brown dwarf desert objects with extreme mass ratios. The simultaneous presence of a warm disk and a brown dwarf around HR 3549 provides interesting empirical constraints on models of the formation of substellar companions.

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@inproceedings{HR2015DiscoveryOA, title={Discovery of a Low-mass Companion around Hr 3549}, author={HR and Dimitri P. Mawet and Theodore David and Michael Bottom and Sasha Hinkley and Karl R. Stapelfeldt and Deborah L. Padgett and B. Mennesson and Eugene Serabyn and Felipe Cardemil Morales and J{\"{o}rg Kuhn}, year={2015} }