Discovering trepanation: the contribution of Paul Broca.

@article{Clower2001DiscoveringTT,
  title={Discovering trepanation: the contribution of Paul Broca.},
  author={W. Clower and S. Finger},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2001},
  volume={49 6},
  pages={
          1417-25; discussion 1425-6
        }
}
PAUL BROCA WAS an icon of neuroscience and neurosurgery who also happened to be intrigued by trepanned skulls. His anthropological work established that, thousands of years ago, individuals not only trepanned skulls but also successfully performed these operations on living persons. After first commenting on a pre-Columbian Peruvian skull in 1867 (the first case of trepanning on a living person widely recognized as such), he turned to even older trepanned skulls found on French soil. In the… Expand
Paul Broca’s search for Basque skulls: The full story
TLDR
Although Broca finally concluded that the origin of the Retzius skulls could not be determined, his research was to spark anthropologists’ interest in the language and origins of the Basque people. Expand
Chapter 1: ancient trepanation.
TLDR
In Peru, where more trepanned crania have been found than anywhere else, numerous skulls have been associated with head injuries from battles, a finding of special significance for neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neurohistorians. Expand
The neurology timeline: Of demon holes, sacred pathways and great triumphs
The first chapter in neurology was composed in the prescience era. Chiseled with flint stones, grisly in nature, it was a narrative where men trephined human skull to treat such maladies as headExpand
The skull of Chios: trepanation in Hippocratic medicine.
TLDR
In this historical vignette, the authors present a trepanned skull that was found in Chios, Greece, as evidence of the procedure having been performed in accordance with the Hippocratic teaching, and it is clear that the patient survived the procedure. Expand
Cases of Trephination in Ancient Greek Skulls
Background: Trephination, or trepanning, is considered to be o ne of the most ancient surgical operations with an especially extensive geographical incidence , both in the New World and in the Old.Expand
Cranial trepanation in primitive cultures
TLDR
Although trepanation in primitive cultures is widespread around the world, and throughout time, the main fields of interest are the Neolithic Period in Europe, the pre-Columbian period in Andean South America, and some contemporaneous Pacific and African tribes. Expand
The Prehistoric Practice of Trepanation
ranial trepanation, a practice dating back thousands of years, is one of the oldest if not a primeval form of cranial C surgery (2). Archaeological digs in Mexico and South America havebrought toExpand
Facts and Myths of Primitive Trepanations
A primitive or prehistoric culture is defined if is lacking of any written document. Regarding trepanation almost all information is obtained from human remains founded in burial sites. The interestExpand
Paul Broca (1824–1880)
  • S. Finger
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Neurology
  • 2004
TLDR
Paul Broca founded the Société d’Anthropologie, the first of its kind in the world, and openly sided with Bouillaud and Aubertin, but went further by restricting the speech centre to a smaller territory and associating it with a specific speech disorder, loss of spontaneous speech, for which the French word aphémie was first used. Expand
Consideration on Trephinated skull in the Ŝahre-e Sukte (Burnt City) in Sistan
Cranial trephination is a technique which was used by ancient people to trephine skulls with some instruments. There are different types of trephination, the most common and primitive of which wereExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 118 REFERENCES
Paul Broca: Founder of French Anthropology, Explorer of the Brain
TLDR
Paul Broca (1824-1880) was the first to define clearly that cancer could spread via venous channels and became interested in the anatomy of the human skeleton, particularly the skull. Expand
Paul Broca and the first craniotomy based on cerebral localization.
  • J. Stone
  • Medicine
  • Journal of neurosurgery
  • 1991
TLDR
Paul Broca's other neurosurgical contributions included various surgical cases, methods for scalp localization of the cerebral convolutions, extensive studies of skull and brain abnormalities, thermoencephalography, and the stimulation of younger surgical colleagues and neurologists to make practical use of cerebral localization. Expand
Victor Horsley on "trephining in pre-historic times".
TLDR
Victor Horsley was intrigued by newly discovered, ancient trepanned skulls, especially those that revealed that the operation was performed on living patients, and postulated that trepanation originated as a way to treat pain and epilepsy caused by depressed cranial fractures over the motor cortex. Expand
An Address on the Surgery of the Brain and Spinal Cord
TLDR
The changes and improovements in surgical theory and practice which have emerged during the last half century are noted, and the profession to which the authors belong marches in the very van of the great army, recruited in all climes, whose aim it is to enlarge htumani knowledge. Expand
The history of trephination in Africa with a discussion of its current status and continuing practice.
TLDR
Using both primary and secondary sources, it is discovered that African trephination was known in the time of Herodotus, has a rich history, and is currently practiced widely throughout Africa for specific reasons. Expand
Crania Americana; or a Comparative View of the Skulls of Various Aboriginal Nations of North and South America
TLDR
The subjects of Dr. M.'s " comparative view " exhibit the genuine attributes of Facts, and in being deposited in his own and other specified Collections accessible to the scrutiny of naturalists and physiologists retracing or extending the same course of investigation, they possess all the attributes of demonstrable Facts. Expand
The History of Craniotomy: An Account of the Methods Which Have Been Practiced and the Instruments Used for Opening the Human Skull during Life
  • L. Rogers
  • Medicine
  • Annals of medical history
  • 1930
TLDR
All of us do not realise how ancient an operation craniotomy really is, how many and varied have been the methods practiced for its performance and how curious and highly ingenious have been certain of the implements used by its implements. Expand
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea
TLDR
If those doctors who have seen what a grievous burden chronic liver disease is in so many countries can bring pressure to bear on the appropriate international and national agencies for a " cross-discipline " study, not only might the problem of fungal hepatotoxins be elucidated but the principal of serendipity might pay unexpected dividends. Expand
A Case of Cerebral Tumour
TLDR
Constant headache for 2| years ; first noticed by the patient after he indulged himself by taking some leaves of cannabis indica. Expand
Sir Victor Horsley
TLDR
By his bold and daring researches in the 'eighties and 'nineties, Horsley created cranial surgery, and laid its foundation so well and truly that all other workers since then have been content to build upon them. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...