• Corpus ID: 51947947

Discovering deliberate practice activities that overcome plateaus and limits on improvement of performance

@inproceedings{Ericsson2009DiscoveringDP,
  title={Discovering deliberate practice activities that overcome plateaus and limits on improvement of performance},
  author={K. Anders Ericsson},
  year={2009}
}
Since Sir Francis Galton’s book on Hereditary Genius, many scientists have argued that heritable factors set limits of performance and only allow a select few individuals to attain exceptional levels. However, recent research rejects the associated learning theory and its implied performance plateaus and shows that expert performance is mediated by acquired complex cognitive mechanisms. It describes different types of deliberate practice activities that develop and refine mental representations… 

Figures from this paper

Digging it out of the Dirt: Ben Hogan, Deliberate Practice and the Secret
INTRODUCTION On first reading it is difficult to deny the striking parallels between Ericsson’s Deliberate Practice (DP) framework and Hogan’s strategies for improving golf skills. According to the
Digging it out of the Dirt: Ben Hogan, Deliberate Practice and the Secret
INTRODUCTION On first reading it is difficult to deny the striking parallels between Ericsson’s Deliberate Practice (DP) framework and Hogan’s strategies for improving golf skills. According to the
Yoga From the Mat Up: How words alight on bodies
Abstract Yoga is a unique form of expert movement that promotes an increasingly subtle interpenetration of thought and movement. The mindful nature of its practice, even at expert levels, challenges
Researching for better instructional methods using AB experiments in MOOCs: results and challenges
TLDR
The first experiment evaluates deliberate practice activities (DPAs) for developing problem solving expertise as measured by traditional physics problems and finds that a more interactive drag-and-drop format of DPA generates quicker learning than a multiple choice format but DPAs do not improve performance on solvingTraditional physics problems more than normal homework practice.
Memorization: Survey and Application with Special Emphasis on the Left Hand
TLDR
The purpose of the essay is to survey and select approaches appropriate for left-hand memorization, and aims to inspire teachers and performers to approach memorization with helpful strategies, mindful techniques, and to achieve a comprehensive grasp of the musical material.
Is Cognitive Training Effective for Improving Executive Functions in Preschoolers? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Cognitive training programs for preschoolers are significantly more effective for developmentally at-risk children (ADHD or low socio-economic status) than for children with typical development and without risks.
Learning experiments in a MOOC (Massive Open Online Course)
TLDR
It is suggested that traditional instruction is more effective than deliberate practice activities cast in the multiple-choice format and that exposure to a problem on the pre-test usually does not provide students an advantage on the post-test.
Improving the Teaching of Hypothesis Testing Using a Divide-and-Conquer Strategy and Content Exposure Control in a Gamified Environment
TLDR
An approach based on the divide-and-conquer methodology is proposed to facilitate its learning, designed to sequentially explain and evaluate the different concepts involved in hypothesis testing, ensuring that a new concept is not presented until the previous one has been fully assimilated.
Digging it out of the Dirt: Ben Hogan, Deliberate Practice and the Secret
The purpose of this article is to use Anders Ericsson's theory of deliberate practice to examine the way in which the legendary golfer Ben Hogan worked on his game. Of particular importance in Hogan
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
The Scientific Study of Expert Levels of Performance: general implications for optimal learning and creativity 1
Recent research in many different domains of expertise has shown that the large differences in performance between experts and novices are frequently reproducible under standardized conditions and
Expert and exceptional performance: evidence of maximal adaptation to task constraints.
TLDR
Many of the mechanisms of superior expert performance serve the dual purpose of mediating experts' current performance and of allowing continued improvement of this performance in response to informative feedback during practice activities.
The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance.
TLDR
A theoretical framework is proposed that explains expert performance in terms of acquired characteristics resulting from extended deliberate practice and that limits the role of innate (inherited) characteristics to general levels of activity and emotionality.
A deliberate practice account of typing proficiency in everyday typists.
TLDR
It is suggested that even after several years of experience engagement in an everyday activity can serve as an opportunity for further skill improvement if individuals are willing to push themselves.
Anticipation skill in a real-world task: measurement, training, and transfer in tennis.
TLDR
Skilled players were faster than their less skilled counterparts in anticipating the direction of opponents' tennis strokes, with this superior performance being based, at least in part, on more effective visual search behaviors.
Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains.
  • K. A. Ericsson
  • Psychology
    Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
  • 2004
TLDR
This article proposes an alternative framework to account for individual differences in attained professional development, as well as many aspects of age-related decline, based on the assumption that acquisition of expert performance requires engagement in deliberate practice and that continued deliberate practice is necessary for maintenance of many types of professional performance.
The Influence of Experience and Deliberate Practice on the Development of Superior Expert Performance
There are several factors that influence the level of professional achievement. First and foremost, extensive experience of activities in a domain is necessary to reach very high levels of
The role of deliberate practice in chess expertise
SUMMARY Two large, diverse samples of tournament-rated chess players were asked to estimate the frequency and duration of their engagement in a variety of chess-related activities. Variables
Acquisition of Cognitive Skill: Do We Already Have a Theory?
TLDR
This paper argues that the seemingly diverse theoretical proposals are in fact components of a unified theory of skill acquisition and that the latter is already in a technical sense complete.
Visual search strategies and decision-making in sport.
Describes a series of experiments conducted on the racquet sports of badminton and squash to determine the location of the advance cues that provide critical anticipatory information and to document
...
...