Disciplining and policing the 'criminals by birth', Part 2: The development of a disciplinary system, 1871-1900

  title={Disciplining and policing the 'criminals by birth', Part 2: The development of a disciplinary system, 1871-1900},
  author={Sanjay K. Nigam},
  journal={Indian Economic \& Social History Review},
  pages={257 - 287}
  • S. Nigam
  • Published 1 September 1990
  • History, Law
  • Indian Economic & Social History Review
The discourse on criminal tribes was affirmed in the Act of 1871, which both cast a specific ’type’ and sought to mould it further by an entire apparatus of surveillance and control. That the knowledge of groups officially designated as criminal by birth, creed and caste, developed an entire apparatus of coercive and disciplinary measures~registration, roll-call, limitation on movement, the pass system, agricultural settlements, reformatory camps, workhouses, the separation of children from… 

Tables from this paper

Women and Children as Victims and Offenders: The Case of De-Notified Tribes in India
De-Notified and Nomadic Tribes, which were called “criminal tribes” during the colonial rule, are one of the most subjugated sections in modern India. The colonial administration enacted the Criminal
Race, Science and the Construction of Native Criminality in Colonial India
For most of the 19th century, race theory and its scientific study—known as ethnology—were regarded as key tools for unlocking the secrets of human history and explaining social and biological
Criminal Law on the Aboriginal Plains : The First Nations and the First Criminal Court in the North-West Territories, 1870–1903
This study undertakes an in-depth analysis of the relationship between the First Nations and the criminal law in the 'Saskatchewan' region of the North-West Territories, taking as its temporal point
Peripheral Outlaws: Resistance and Agency amongst ‘Criminal’ Groups in Colonial India
The notion of ‘criminal tribe’ - a pejorative term - was introduced in colonial India to control and punish certain ‘dangerous classes’ of the Indigenous population who were mobile, as the British
Gender, Family, and the Policing of the ‘Criminal Tribes’ in Nineteenth-Century North India
  • J. Hinchy
  • Sociology, History
    Modern Asian Studies
  • 2020
Abstract In the South Asian setting, the fields of gender history and family history are still predominantly concerned with relatively elite social groups. Few studies have examined issues of gender
Crime, Liberalism and Empire: Governing the Mina Tribe of Northern India
Cultural analyses of empire inspired by Edward Said’s Orientalism (1978) have focused on certain artefacts of imperial thought, representing them as emblematic of a totalizing Orientalist discourse.
Criminalizing the Criminal Tribe
  • Sarah Gandee
  • Law
    Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
  • 2018
This article explores the postcolonial criminalization of a so-called criminal tribe in the borderlands of East Punjab in the years following independence and Partition of the Indian subcontinent in
The 'discovery' of torture and its prevalence in the extraction of confessions produced a dilemma for the colonial state in India. Especially with the publication of the two-volume Report of the
Prisoners of the Sun: The British Empire and Imprisonment in Malta in the Early Nineteenth Century
The 'birth of the prison' has been linked to replacement of the ancient regime and the emergence of industrial, capitalist society. But this explanation gives insufficient attention to the role of
Britain’s Archipelago of Camps: Labor and Detention in a Liberal Empire, 1871–1903
Camps suggest an Enlightenment project derailed. Associated most often and perhaps most appropriately with Hitler's Germany and the Soviet Gulag under Lenin, Stalin, and their successors, the


Statement showing the state of several criminal tribes proclaimed under Act XXVII
  • NWPO, Jud. (Cr.) Progs
Statement Showing the Criminal Tribes Proclaimed under Act XXVII of 1871
    Extract from the Annual Police Report, 1867, para
    • GoI, Leg. Progs
    62 Extract from Annual Police Report by the Comm. of Jhansi for 1865
    • Report on the Police Administration of the NWP for 1867