Disciplining Experts

@article{Thorpe2002DiscipliningE,
  title={Disciplining Experts},
  author={Charles R. Thorpe},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  year={2002},
  volume={32},
  pages={525 - 562}
}
  • C. Thorpe
  • Published 2002
  • Sociology
  • Social Studies of Science
In 1954, J. Robert Oppenheimer, who had emerged from World War II as America's foremost scientific advisor to government, faced a security hearing which stripped him of his security clearance and barred him from government work. This paper provides a novel interpretation of this event and its significance by arguing that the hearing exposed fundamental and endemic tensions in the place of science in liberal democratic politics. Science's image of impersonal objectivity makes it useful to the… Expand
Expertise and Political Responsibility: The Columbia Shuttle Catastrophe
One of the major conflicts between the principles of democratic politics and the practical reality of expertise in public decision making takes place in connection with responsibility. The basicExpand
Science and Its Discontents
This excellent work, a major contribution both to the political history of mid twentieth century America and to the sociology of science, explores the self-critical, activist role of science—andExpand
There's Power in the Blood : Religion, White Supremacy, and the Politics of Darwinism in America
Author(s): Bolar, Richard Allen | Abstract: America's contentious relationship to Darwinism is often inadequately viewed as the product of religious reaction or educative failure. I argue thatExpand
Transnational Professional Activism and the Prevention of Nuclear War in Britain
  • C. Laucht
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of social history
  • 2018
TLDR
The concept of “transnational professional activism” is introduced to describe the ways in which scientific and medical professionals organized themselves into national interest groups situated within wider transnational networks in order to act against the perceived threat that nuclear war posed to human society. Expand
Multicultural settler colonialism and indigenous struggle in Hawai'i: The politics of astronomy on Mauna a Wakea
This dissertation argues the struggle over Mauna Kea is emblematic of the larger struggle over Hawaiʻi. This is not a struggle for equality, participation, money, or recognition, but is instead aExpand
SCIENTISTS, THE PUBLIC, THE STATE, AND THE DEBATE OVER THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR TESTING IN BRITAIN, 1950–1958*
  • C. Laucht
  • Political Science
  • The Historical Journal
  • 2015
ABSTRACT This article uses the debate over environmental and human health effects of nuclear testing to shed light on the ambivalent relationship between scientists, the public, and the state inExpand
Science, Technology and the Military: Priorities, Preoccupations and Possibilities
The relationships between science, technology and the military have been an important topic of public and political debate throughout the twentieth, and into the twenty-first, centuries (Edgerton,Expand
When Boundary Organisations Fail: Identifying Scientists and Civil Servants in L’Aquila Earthquake Trial
ABSTRACT Notwithstanding the alleged crisis of expertise, scientists increasingly act as expert advisors to governments, while organisations at the boundary between science and policy multiply.Expand
The Theatre of Scientific Advice
TLDR
Two-decade’s worth of sociological and STS literature reporting the decline of expert authority in Western cultures, particularly that of scientists and engineers, provides the theoretical backdrop to these questions. Expand
Scientific authority in policy contexts: Public attitudes about environmental scientists, medical researchers, and economists
TLDR
Analysis of attitudes about the amount of influence that environmental scientists, two kinds of medical researchers, and economists should have over policy decisions reveals that in each discipline the extent to which scientists are thought to serve the nation’s best interests is the strongest determinant of attitude about scientists as policy advisors. Expand
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