Disability Justifies Exclusion of Minority Students: A Critical History Grounded in Disability Studies

  title={Disability Justifies Exclusion of Minority Students: A Critical History Grounded in Disability Studies},
  author={D. Kim Reid and Michelle G. Knight},
  journal={Educational Researcher},
  pages={18 - 23}
From a disability studies (DS) perspective, the authors analyze how the historical conflation of disability with other identity factors and the ideology of normalcy contribute to the disproportionality problem in K–12 special education. They argue that this conflation and ideology make labeling and segregated education seem natural and legitimate for students carrying the high-incidence, legally defined labels Learning Disabled (LD), Mentally Retarded (MR), and Emotionally Disturbed (ED). The… Expand
A DisCrit-Informed Critique of the Difference vs. Disorder Approach in Speech-Language Pathology
The disproportionate representation of students of color in special education is among the most longstanding and intractable problems in education. In this chapter, the authors examine the phenomenonExpand
Resilient Scholar: A High Achieving African American Male with a Learning Disability
The existing literature on race/ethnicity overlooks learning disability (LD) and the latter often neglects African American males. Further, when the intersection of race/ethnicity and LD overlap,Expand
Learning Disabilities and Inequality
Functionally speaking, students are labeled with learning disabilities (LDs) and placed into special education to enable them to achieve up to their potential. Nonetheless, potential links betweenExpand
Feminist Disability Studies Pedagogy
Feminist disability studies pedagogy encourages instructors to strive for "universally designed" (UD) objects and instruction, while tempering that with feminist analyses of intersectionality.Expand
The (em)bodiment of blackness in a visceral anti-black racism and ableism context
Abstract Over the years, many scholarly publications have extensively discussed disability ‘diagnoses’ and placement practices in special education programs in the United States and the UnitedExpand
Haunted Trauma Narratives of Inclusion, Race, and Disability in a School Community
By typical definitions in the special education world, inclusion would not be recognizable as it exists at Memorial Elementary. Memorial is responding to a widely documented trend in public schools:Expand
The cross-fertilization of critical race theory and Disability Studies: points of convergence/ divergence and some education policy implications
This article discusses the ways in which insights from critical race theory can be used in order to supplement and reinforce the field of Disability Studies by highlighting the intersecting andExpand
Disability and College Students: A Critical Examination of a Multivalent Identity
Abstract Disability is a multivalent, fluid concept that encompasses a broad set of phenomena that shape the experiences of individuals as they interact with others; social systems and processes;Expand
Pursuing Justice-Driven Inclusive Education Research: Disability Critical Race Theory (DisCrit) in Early Childhood
Multiple scholars have argued that early childhood inclusive education research and practice has often retained racialized, ableist notions of normal development, which can undermine efforts toExpand
[Re]conceptualizing Inclusion: Can Critical Race Theory and Interest Convergence be Utilized to Achieve Inclusion and Equity for African American Students?
Background/Context Even though not fully realized, in legislation and theory, the requirements of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act and the No Child Left Behind Act haveExpand


A Disability Studies Perspective on the Bush Education Agenda: The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 1
Our educational system is undergoing great scrutiny. The success of our nation's schools and their students is under serious evaluation and interpretation. Currently, one of the most visible andExpand
Towards an Enabling Education: The Difference that Disability Makes
main of U.S. public education would appear to be politically suicidal in any other social context, except when applied to one other equally stigmatized minority group— gay, lesbian, bisexual, andExpand
The Discursive Practice of Learning Disability
It is argued that it is ethically bound to transform educational practices to both welcome and accommodate everybody's children and that learning disabilities are not and have never been immutable. Expand
Eliminating Ableism in Education
In this article, Thomas Hehir defines ableism as "the devaluation of disability" that "results in societal attitudes that uncritically assert that it is better for a child to walk than roll, speakExpand
Institutionalizing Inequity: Ableism, Racism and IDEA 2004
For thirty years, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) has been regarded as a civil rights legislation intended to fight discrimination against individuals with disabilities. WhileExpand
Everybody Belongs: Changing Negative Attitudes toward Classmates with Disabilities. Garland Reference Library of Social Science. Critical Education Practice.
The evil prosthesis of Captain Hook, the comical speech of Porky Pig, and the bumbling antics of Mr. Magoo are all examples of images in our culture which can become the basis of negative attitudesExpand
Why I Burned My Book and Other Essays on Disability
Foreword - Robert Dawidoff Introduction Part I: Analyses and Reconstructions 1. Disability Watch 2. The Life of Randolph Bourne and the Need for a History of Disabled People 3. Uncovering the HiddenExpand
Beyond the Methods Fetish: Toward a Humanizing Pedagogy
In this article, Lilia Bartolome argues that the current focus on finding the right "methods" to improve the academic achievement of students who have historically been oppressed hides the lessExpand
Reading resistance : discourses of exclusion in desegregation & inclusion debates
Reading Resistance confronts longstanding exclusionary practices in U.S. public schooling. Beth A. Ferri and David J. Connor trace the interconnected histories of race and disability in the publicExpand
The hunt for disability: The new eugenics and the normalization of school children
  • B. Baker
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 2002
This paper is an attempt to reconsider issues of sameness, difference, equality, and democracy in present public school systems. It focuses on the question of (dis)ability and the implications ofExpand