Directionally Controlled Fluorescence Emission in Butterflies

@article{Vukusic2005DirectionallyCF,
  title={Directionally Controlled Fluorescence Emission in Butterflies},
  author={P. Vukusic and I. Hooper},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={310},
  pages={1151 - 1151}
}
Recently developed, high-efficiency, light-emitting diodes use two-dimensional photonic crystals to enhance the extraction of otherwise internally trapped light and multilayer reflectors to control the direction of light emission. This work describes the characterization of a naturally evolved light-extraction system on the wing scales of a small group of Papilio butterflies. The efficient extraction of fluorescence from these scales is facilitated by a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab… Expand
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