Directional Differences in the Sound Intensity of Ruffed Grouse Drumming •

@inproceedings{ARCHIBALD2003DirectionalDI,
  title={Directional Differences in the Sound Intensity of Ruffed Grouse Drumming •},
  author={HERBERT L. ARCHIBALD},
  year={2003}
}
  • HERBERT L. ARCHIBALD
  • Published 2003
STUDENTS have long been intrigued by the drumming of the Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus). Physically, drumming is a wingbeating display performed from a stationary position, usually upon an elevated object known as a "drumming log." The drumming performance has been described in detail by Bump eta]. (1947: 274-276) and Hjorth (1970: 220-225). Functionally… CONTINUE READING