Directed Use of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale by Laypersons

@article{Hurwitz2005DirectedUO,
  title={Directed Use of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale by Laypersons},
  author={Amy S. Hurwitz and Jane H. Brice and Barbara A. Overby and Kelly R. Evenson},
  journal={Prehospital Emergency Care},
  year={2005},
  volume={9},
  pages={292 - 296}
}
Background. The Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) is a three-item examination that has been effective in the identification of stroke victims by health care professionals. However, assessment of the patient earlier in the chain of care, specifically by a 9-1-1 telecommunicator, may improve stroke outcomes. Objectives. To modify the CPSS for over-the-phone administration andto assess whether untrained adults can follow the CPSS instructions, identify deficits in stroke survivors… 

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Centres that use CPSS more frequently during phone dispatch showed greater agreement with on-the-scene prehospital assessments, both in correctly identifying more cases with stroke/TIA symptoms and in giving fewer false positives for non-stroke/Tia cases.

The role of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale in the emergency department: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis

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The goal of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of an EMD applying the Cincinnati stroke scale tool during a 911 call, and to report the time required to administer the tool.

Statewide Survey of 911 Communication Centers on Acute Stroke andMyocardial Infarction

The results suggest that the development of statewide telecommunication training program to improve knowledge and care for suspected stroke or MI is needed in North Carolina and Dispatching for stroke and MI could be enhanced by requiring all communication centers to be EMD-certified.

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  • P. RamanujamK. Guluma J. Dunford
  • Medicine
    Prehospital emergency care : official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors
  • 2008
In the EMS system, EMD using MPDS Stroke protocol with a high compliance has a higher sensitivity than paramedics using CSS.

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Overall deficiencies in EMS stroke care capacity were observed regardless of system patient volume and population density, and Education of EMS personnel on stroke should continue to be an area of focus, particularly the frequency and content of trainings.

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The concept of a “Chain of Recovery” was developed to improve the care of stroke patients by incorporating the pre-hospital and hospital management.

Prehospital stroke scales as screening tools for early identification of stroke and transient ischemic attack.

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