Direct observation of dipolar chains in iron ferrofluids by cryogenic electron microscopy

@article{Butter2003DirectOO,
  title={Direct observation of dipolar chains in iron ferrofluids by cryogenic electron microscopy},
  author={Karen Butter and Paul Henri Hubert Bomans and Peter M Frederik and Gert Jan Vroege and Albert P. Philipse},
  journal={Nature Materials},
  year={2003},
  volume={2},
  pages={88-91}
}
A key issue in research on ferrofluids (dispersions of magnetic colloids) is the effect of dipolar interactions on their structure and phase behaviour1,2, which is not only important for practical applications3 but gives fundamental insight in dipolar fluids in general. In 1970, de Gennes and Pincus4 predicted a Van der Waals-like phase diagram and the presence of linear chains of particles in ferrofluids in zero magnetic field. Despite many experimental studies5,6,7, no direct evidence of the… CONTINUE READING

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