Direct observation of circular Rydberg electrons in a Rydberg matter surface layer by electronic circular dichroism

  title={Direct observation of circular Rydberg electrons in a Rydberg matter surface layer by electronic circular dichroism},
  author={Leif Holmlid},
  journal={Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter},
  • L. Holmlid
  • Published 20 June 2007
  • Physics
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
The circular dichroism of a surface layer containing K (potassium) Rydberg species and KN Rydberg matter clusters is studied. The scattering that is apparently shifted in wavelength from the laser line is due to a phase-delay Rabi-flopping process, caused by the Rydberg species in the surface layer (Holmlid 2004 J. Phys. Chem. A 108 11285). With circular polarized light, a strong right–left polarized intensity asymmetry is observed in the Rabi-flopping scattered light, which indicates a chiral… 

Vibrational transitions in Rydberg matter clusters from stimulated Raman and Rabi‐flopping phase delay in the infrared

Recently, rotational spectra of giant Rydberg matter (RM) clusters were studied in the radio frequency range (Mol. Phys. 105 (2007) 933–939), giving high-precision bond distances in the nanometer

Light in condensed matter in the upper atmosphere as the origin of homochirality: circularly polarized light from Rydberg matter.

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Experimental Studies and Observations of Clusters of Rydberg Matter and Its Extreme Forms

  • L. Holmlid
  • Physics, Chemistry
    Journal of Cluster Science
  • 2011
A review is given of experimental studies of clusters of Rydberg matter (RM) with applications. This is a metallic type of matter with angular momentum l ≥ 1 for the conduction band electrons. The

Ultradense Deuterium

An attempt is made to explain the recently reported occurrence of ultradense deuterium as an isothermal transition of Rydberg matter into a high density phase by quantum mechanical exchange forces.

Rydberg Matter Clusters: Theory of Interaction and Sorption Properties

  • M. I. Ojovan
  • Physics, Chemistry
    Journal of Cluster Science
  • 2011
Sorption capacity of Rydberg matter (RM) clusters is examined for both electronegative and neutral molecules. Sorption isotherm of RM has been determined as a function of gas pressure and time. It is

Nickel-Hydrogen Cold Fusion by Intermediate Rydberg State of Hydrogen: Selection of the Isotopes for Energy Optimization and Radioactive Waste Minimization

The main objection against cold fusion is based on the theoretical understanding that the Coulomb barrier of the very small nucleus is extremely strong. The size of the atomic nucleus is determined

The Chemi-Ionization Processes in Slow Collisions of Rydberg Atoms with Ground State Atoms: Mechanism and Applications

In this article the history and the current state of research of the chemi-ionization processes in atom–Rydberg atom collisions is presented. The principal assumptions of the model of such processes

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A material exists which links together the influx of meteoritic matter from interplanetary space, the polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE), the sporadic sodium layers, the polar mesospheric clouds

Null Poynting vector electromagnetic torus

Maxwell equations in free space are solved for a standing wave torus configuration under axisymmetry, which provides a mathematical support to the microwave cavity hypothesis of ball lightning. With



Phase-delay Rabi-flopping spectroscopy: A method sensitive to Rydberg species at surfaces

Spectra observed with grating spectrometers from surface layers on alkali-promoted catalysts are studied with a confocal microscope setup, focusing to a nominal resolution of a few micrometers. The

Stimulated emission spectroscopy of Rydberg matter: observation of Rydberg orbits in the core ions

The short-wavelength bands generated in Rydberg matter (RM) formed by K atoms have been studied both in an operating laser cavity and by amplified emission in the RM, with higher resolution than

Optical stimulated emission transitions in Rydberg matter observed in the range 800–14 000 nm

The stimulated emission signal from a tunable cavity with Rydberg matter as the lasing medium is studied. The Rydberg matter is excited by heating through a non-radiative process. The emission bands

Confocal laser microspectroscopic Rabi-flopping study of an iron oxide emitter surface used for Rydberg matter generation.

  • T. AlpermannL. Holmlid
  • Chemistry, Physics
    Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy
  • 2007

Cluster KN formation by Rydberg collision complex stabilization during scattering of a K beam off zirconia surfaces

The molecular beam scattering of a K atom beam off a zirconia surface at 1100 K is studied with four different detection techniques: field ionization, which is sensitive only to field ionizable

The Rydberg matter laser: excitation, delays and mode effects in the laser cavity medium

Temporal and temperature effects are studied in Rydberg matter (RM) formed from K atoms and N2 molecules as the active medium in a cavity. The function of this setup as a laser was recently

Experimental observation of an atomic hydrogen material with H-H bond distance of 150 pm suggesting metallic hydrogen

A phase of hydrogen Rydberg matter (RM) is formed in ultra-high vacuum by desorption of hydrogen from an alkali promoted RM emitter (Holmlid 2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 13469). The RM phase is

Experimental study on the possibility of formation of a condensate of excited states in a substance (Rydberg matter)

The results of experimental study of a condensate of cesium excited states (Rydberg matter) are presented. The possibility of condensate formation was predicted theoretically first by Prof. É.A.