Direct measurements of the kinematics and dynamics of bat flight.

  title={Direct measurements of the kinematics and dynamics of bat flight.},
  author={Xiaodong Tian and Jose Iriarte-Diaz and Ken Middleton and Ricardo M. O. Galv{\~a}o and Emily Israeli and Abigail Roemer and Allyce Sullivan and Arnold Song and Sharon M. Swartz and Kenneth Breuer},
  journal={Bioinspiration & biomimetics},
  volume={1 4},
Experimental measurements and analysis of the flight of bats are presented, including kinematic analysis of high-speed stereo videography of straight and turning flight, and measurements of the wake velocity field behind the bat. The kinematic data reveal that, at relatively slow flight speeds, wing motion is quite complex, including a sharp retraction of the wing during the upstroke and a broad sweep of the partially extended wing during the downstroke. The data also indicate that the flight… CONTINUE READING
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