Direct instruction revisited: A key model for instructional technology

  title={Direct instruction revisited: A key model for instructional technology},
  author={Susan G. Magliaro and Barbara Lockee and John K. Burton},
  journal={Educational Technology Research and Development},
Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968, 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction, and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI model with the notion that the designer can and should use the model effectively based on appropriate assessment of the learners, content, context, and… Expand

Tables from this paper

Computer-based instruction and generative strategies: Conceptual framework & illustrative example
A project in which Morrison, Ross, and Kemp's (2004) curvilinear instructional design model was used to create computer-based instruction in the field of developmental mathematics is described. Expand
Leaving the Traditional Classroom: A Look at Direct Instruction versus Differentiated instruction
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of pedagogy on a students' performance on their formal assessment at the end of a unit. In the literature review direct instruction andExpand
The Effect of Direct Instruction versus Discovery Learning on the Understanding of Science Lessons by Second Grade Students
Results suggest that a mixture of instructional styles would serve to effectively disseminate information, as well as motivate students to learn. Expand
The Effectiveness of Direct Instructional Learning Model in Assessment Process Course and Learning Outcomes
Pedagogical competence supports successful learning, however, the ability to arrange the assessment tools as one of the learning materials that be implemented by teacher and preservice MandarinExpand
Critical Thinking of Field Independent Students; which Model of Teaching is more Supportive?
DOI:10.21009/jtp.v22i2. 16018 Abstract: This study examines whether a certain learning condition as of model of teaching is more supportive to the enhancement of critical thinking of fieldExpand
A Case Study of Differentiated Instruction in Upper Elementary Mathematics and Reading Classrooms
A case study to determine the extent to which differentiated instruction was implemented in instructional practices to increase student academic performance and recommended that a program that features differentiated math instruction could be offered, more time could be allocated for collaborative planning, and support could be offering for classroom management. Expand
Instructional Methods Tool
The objective was to develop a framework of learner-centric pedagogies that would be useful in training developers and/or instructors and facilitators when they are designing/executing a course using the Army Learning Concept principles. Expand
Direct Instruction vs. Cooperative Learning in Physical Education: Effects on Student Learning, Behaviors, and Subjective Experience
(1) Background: The objective was to analyze if cooperative learning (CL) can have benefits compared to direct instruction (DI) in learning, behavior, and subjective experience of pupils. (2)Expand
Problem-based Science Inquiry: Challenges and Possibilities for Addressing 21st Century Skills
Author(s): Nariman, Nahid | Abstract: This dissertation is a mixed methods exploratory case study on the implementation of problem-based inquiry. The trend of technological changes have created aExpand
Transfer of Learning: Connecting Concepts during Problem Solving.
These findings demonstrate the inability of students to recognize the transferability of concepts learned from solving wellStructured problems in the classroom to ill-structured problems faced outside of the classroom and also the transferable of concepts learning from solving illstructuring problems, similar to those encountered in the real world, to the solving of well- Structured problems encountered inThe classroom. Expand


When Do Instructional Methods
The results of instructional re­ search offer little comfort to em­ pirically oriented ins t ruct ional psychologists. Reviews of research comparing different instructional methods, educationalExpand
Computer-based microworlds: A bridge between constructivism and direct instruction
It is suggested here that each has something to learn from the other, and that computer microworlds offer a platform for collaboration. Expand
Models of Teaching
Dedication Preface Foreword PART I: FRAME OF REFERENCE We begin with the idea of giving students the tools that increase their capacity for learning. The primary role of education is to increaseExpand
When Do Instructional Methods Make a Difference
The results of instructional research offer little comfort to empirically oriented instructional psychologists. Reviews of research comparing different instructional methods, educational innovations,Expand
Rousing Minds to Life: Teaching, Learning, and Schooling in Social Context
Acknowledgments Introduction Part I. Teaching, Schooling, and Literacy: A Unified Theory of Education: 1. The redefinition of teaching and schooling 2. A theory of teaching as assisted performance 3.Expand
Technology of Teaching
Instruction: A Models Approach
Each chapter concludes with "Summary" and "Notes" describing Educational Goals: The Learner, Society, and the Subject Matter. Expand
Developing and validating science education videodiscs
The development of videodiscs for science instruction in public schools requires a recognition of the unique characteristics of the public school environment and a sensitivity to the persistentExpand
The Missouri Mathematics Effectiveness Project: An experimental study in fourth-grade classrooms.
The study investigated the effectiveness of an experimental mathematics teaching program. The treatment program was primarily based upon a large, naturalistic study of relatively effectiveExpand
Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective
Chapter 1 -- Learning: Introduction, Issues, Historical Perspectives Learning Defined Learning Theory and Research Functions of theory Conducting research Methods of Assessing Learning DirectExpand