Minimum requirements for commissioning and long-term quality assurance of Elekta multi-leaf collimator for volumetric modulated arc therapy.
We propose a new method for analyzing the direct impact of multi-leaf collimator (MLC) leaf position errors on dose distributions in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). The technique makes use of the following processes. Systematic leaf position errors are generated by directly changing a leaf offset in a linac controller; dose distributions are measured by a two-dimensional diode array; pass rates of the dose difference between measured planar doses with and without the position errors are calculated as a function of the leaf position error. Three different treatment planning systems (TPSs) were employed to create VMAT plans for five prostate cancer cases and the pass rates were compared between the TPSs under various leaf position errors. The impact of the leaf position errors on dose distributions depended upon the final optimization result from each TPS, which was explained by the correlation between the dose error and the average leaf gap width. The presented method determines leaf position tolerances for VMAT delivery for each TPS, which may facilitate establishing a VMAT quality assurance program in a radiotherapy facility.