Direct evidence that an increase in aortic norepinephrine level in response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia is due to increased adrenal norepinephrine output.

Abstract

This study reports on the major source of circulating norepinephrine that is known to increase, progressively, during sustained hypoglycemia induced by intravenous insulin administration. Plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine were simultaneously determined for adrenal venous and aortic blood in dogs anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. The model used allowed us to perform a functional adrenalectomy (ADRX), while continuously monitoring the adrenal medullary secretory function. Under basal conditions, the net output (micrograms/min) of adrenal epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine were 0.169 +/- 0.074, 0.067 +/- 0.023, and 0.011 +/- 0.003, respectively. Plasma concentrations (ng/mL) of aortic epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine were 0.132 +/- 0.047, 0.268 +/- 0.034, and 0.034 +/- 0.009. Following insulin injection (0.15 IU/kg, i.v.), the net output (micrograms/min) of adrenal epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine increased gradually (p less than 0.05), reaching the values of 0.918 +/- 0.200, 0.365 +/- 0.058, and 0.034 +/- 0.007 30 min after insulin administration. Similarly, aortic epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine concentrations (ng/mL) increased significantly (p less than 0.05) to 0.702 +/- 0.144, 0.526 +/- 0.093, and 0.066 +/- 0.024. The aortic glucose concentration (mg/dL) was diminished from 81.8 +/- 4.1 to 36.9 +/- 3.4 (p less than 0.01). After taking the blood sample at 30 min following insulin administration, ADRX was immediately performed. Five minutes after the onset of ADRX, the net output (micrograms/min) of adrenal epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine increased further to 1.707 +/- 0.374 (p less than 0.05), 0.668 +/- 0.139 (p less than 0.05), and 0.052 +/- 0.017.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Yamaguchi1989DirectET, title={Direct evidence that an increase in aortic norepinephrine level in response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia is due to increased adrenal norepinephrine output.}, author={Nobuharu Yamaguchi and R. Briand and Myriam Brassard}, journal={Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology}, year={1989}, volume={67 5}, pages={499-505} }