Diagnostic Accuracy of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Periapical Radiography in Internal Root Resorption
Recent developments in the field of electronic imaging have provided a new set of imaging tools for intra-oral imaging and clinical diagnosis. In this chapter, we review the general structure and characteristics of image sensors used in digital radiography and their application for clinical caries detection and analysis. An overview of the literature, comparing the diagnostic accuracy of digital and film-based radiography and the impact of image-processing methods, is provided. We also describe several approaches for quantitative assessment of radiographic images for caries detection and assessment. Examples include digital subtraction radiography, and 2-D and 3-D density profiling. To increase the accuracy and reduce observer variability the use of 3-D imaging and computer-aided diagnosis is presented as future direction for clinical caries diagnosis.